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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 18, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1402–

Design and Fabrication of Silicon Photonic Crystal Optical Waveguides

Marko Lončar, Theodor Doll, Jelena Vučković, and Axel Scherer

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 18, Issue 10, pp. 1402- (2000)


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Abstract

We have designed and fabricated waveguides that incorporate two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystal geometry for lateral confinement of light, and total internal reflection for vertical confinement. Both square and triangular photonic crystal lattices were analyzed. A three-dimensional (3-D) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) analysis was used to find design parameters of the photonic crystal and to calculate dispersion relations for the guided modes in the waveguide structure. We have developed a new fabrication technique to define these waveguides into silicon-on-insulator material. The waveguides are suspended in air in order to improve confinement in the vertical direction and symmetry properties of the structure. High-resolution fabrication allowed us to include different types of bends and optical cavities within the waveguides.

© 2000 IEEE

Citation
Marko Lončar, Theodor Doll, Jelena Vučković, and Axel Scherer, "Design and Fabrication of Silicon Photonic Crystal Optical Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1402- (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-18-10-1402

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