We evaluate numerically and experimentally the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) threshold increase for a short, highly nonlinear GeO2-doped fiber by applying different temperature distributions along the fiber. The temperature coefficient for the Brillouin frequency downshift is measured to 1.2 MHz/C. A threefold SBS threshold increase is obtained for a 100-m long highly nonlinear fiber with a 140C temperature gradient. The proposed scheme is implemented in a wavelength converter based on fiber optical four-wave mixing (FWM). The SBS suppression scheme shows negligible influence on the FWM efficiency as well as the wavelength conversion bandwidth. The temperature coefficient for the zero dispersion wavelength is measured to 0.062 nm/C.
J. Hansryd, F. Dross, M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, "Increase of the SBS Threshold in a Short Highly Nonlinear Fiber by Applying a Temperature Distribution," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1691- (2001)