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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2001
  • pp: 636–

Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Links Using Quasi-Distributed Optical Amplifiers

Stojan Radic, Graeme Pendock, Atul Srivastava, Paul Wysocki, and Andrew Chraplyvy

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 19, Issue 5, pp. 636- (2001)


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Abstract

We investigate efficiency of four-wave mixing (FWM) generation in quasi-distributed erbium-doped fiber (EDF) sections under general power evolution conditions. Measured FWM efficiencies are found to be in a good agreement with newly developed formulae applicable to waveguides with spatially and spectrally varying gain. Inoue's work describing FWM process in multiple amplified spans is generalized. A new theory of FWM generation in optical links amplified by a set of quasi-distributed nodes is developed and used to analyze multiple span L-band link.

© 2001 IEEE

Citation
Stojan Radic, Graeme Pendock, Atul Srivastava, Paul Wysocki, and Andrew Chraplyvy, "Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Links Using Quasi-Distributed Optical Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 636- (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-19-5-636


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References

  1. H. Ono, M. Yamada and Y. Ohishi, "Gain-flattened Er-doped fiber amplifier for a WDM signal in 1.57--1.60~µm wavelength region", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 596-598, May 1997.
  2. S. Radic, G. Pendock, A. Srivastava, P. Wysocki and A. Chraplyvy, "Signal impairment due to FWM in L-Band EDFAs,"in ECOC99, 1999,vol. PD-11, pp. 22-23 .
  3. G. Pendock, S. Park, A. Srivastava, S. Radic, J. Sulhoff, K. Kantor and Y. Sun, "The contribution to CPM in L-band WDM systems from EDFAs", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1578-1580, Dec. 1999.
  4. K. Inoue, "Phase-mismatching characteristics of FWM in fiber lines with multi-stage optical amplifiers", Opt. Letters, vol. 17, pp. 801-803, 1992.
  5. C. Giles and E. Desurvire, "Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 271-283, Feb. 1991.
  6. A. Saleh, R. Jopson, J. Evankov and J. Aspen, "Modeling of gain in Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 714 -717, Oct. 1990.
  7. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki and R. I. MacDonald, "CW three-wave mixing in single -mode optical fibers", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 49, pp. 5098-5106, 1978.

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