The geometrical conditions required for single-mode propagation in large cross-section silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguides were investigated using the beam propagation method (BPM). The cases of both vertical-walled and sloping-walled (trapezoidal) rib structures were considered. In the trapezoidal case some approximate methods were compared with the simulated results. Expressions for the single-mode condition for both types of waveguide were defined.
Olly Powell, "Single-Mode Condition for Silicon Rib Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1851- (2002)