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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2002
  • pp: 1578–

Fabrication and Characterization of Continuous Wave Direct UV (λ=244~nm ) Written Channel Waveguides in Chalcogenide (Ga:La:S) Glass

Arshad K. Mairaj, Ping Hua, Harvey N. Rutt, and Daniel W. Hewak

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 20, Issue 8, pp. 1578- (2002)


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Abstract

Gallium lanthanum sulphide (Ga:La:S) optical glass is an interesting material for both fiber and planar technologies, as it offers possibilities for a wide array of devices suitable for use in both nonlinear applications and as IR lasers. Direct laser writing into this glass has yielded low-loss single-mode channel waveguides. Samples were exposed to above-bandgap illumination of focused UV (λ=244~nm) light at varying intensities (IUV = 1.5 -90~kW/cm2 ) and scan velocities (VSCAN = 0.005 -0.067~m/s). The exposed regions were evaluated through atomic force microscopy (AFM), and surface compaction (0.3-3.6 µm ) was observed. Sample topography was examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with analysis of chemical changes within the exposed regions performed with energy-dispersive X-ray microscopy (EDAX). Waveguide attenuation was measured to be 0.2±0.1 dB/cm at 1.3 µm with a positive change in refractive index (Δn =10-3). The chemical mechanism for these photo-induced changes with resulting photodensification has been correlated with a relative increase in the lanthanum content within the waveguide core.

[IEEE ]

Citation
Arshad K. Mairaj, Ping Hua, Harvey N. Rutt, and Daniel W. Hewak, "Fabrication and Characterization of Continuous Wave Direct UV (λ=244~nm ) Written Channel Waveguides in Chalcogenide (Ga:La:S) Glass," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1578- (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-20-8-1578


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References

  1. A. Saliminia, A. Villeneuve, T. V. Galstyan, S. LaRochelle and K. Richardson, "First-and second-order Bragg gratings in single-mode planar waveguides of chalcogenide glasses", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 837-842, May 1999.
  2. K. M. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane and J. S. Wilkinson, "Neodymium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1550-1558, Oct. 1993.

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