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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2003
  • pp: 2224–

Double Rayleigh Scattering Noise in Lumped and Distributed Raman Amplifiers

Paola Parolari, Lucia Marazzi, Lorenzo Bernardini, and Mario Martinelli

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 2224- (2003)

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An improved analytical expression of the multiple path interference (MPI) induced by double Rayleigh scattered signal in fiber Raman amplifiers (FRAs), valid both for lumped and distributed FRAs, is derived with a small signal model. The expression is validated both by comparison with an exact solution and by MPI measurements on four different lumped and distributed Raman amplifiers.

© 2003 IEEE

Paola Parolari, Lucia Marazzi, Lorenzo Bernardini, and Mario Martinelli, "Double Rayleigh Scattering Noise in Lumped and Distributed Raman Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2224- (2003)

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