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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2003
  • pp: 2224–

Double Rayleigh Scattering Noise in Lumped and Distributed Raman Amplifiers

Paola Parolari, Lucia Marazzi, Lorenzo Bernardini, and Mario Martinelli

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 2224- (2003)


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Abstract

An improved analytical expression of the multiple path interference (MPI) induced by double Rayleigh scattered signal in fiber Raman amplifiers (FRAs), valid both for lumped and distributed FRAs, is derived with a small signal model. The expression is validated both by comparison with an exact solution and by MPI measurements on four different lumped and distributed Raman amplifiers.

© 2003 IEEE

Citation
Paola Parolari, Lucia Marazzi, Lorenzo Bernardini, and Mario Martinelli, "Double Rayleigh Scattering Noise in Lumped and Distributed Raman Amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2224- (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-21-10-2224

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