OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2003
  • pp: 2229–

Statistical Analysis on Stimulated Raman Crosstalk in Dispersion-Managed Fiber Links

Toshiaki Yamamoto and Seiji Norimatsu

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 2229- (2003)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (424 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


Power impairments due to stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in dispersion-managed (DM) fiber links are evaluated theoretically. We extend previous work on the statistical analysis of SRS crosstalk to the case of multiple fiber segments. Closed-form formulas are derived, and the applicable range is presented by comparison with simulation results. The SRS crosstalk in DM fiber links is evaluated using derived formulas, and the preferable configuration of DM fiber links for suppressing SRS crosstalk is discussed. We also evaluate the exact power penalty induced by the SRS crosstalk in consideration of the log-normal waveform distribution due to SRS and non-Gaussian noise and clarify the system bounds in some typical DM fiber links. The developed approach provides a design rule for DM fiber links from the viewpoint of SRS crosstalk suppression.

© 2003 IEEE

Toshiaki Yamamoto and Seiji Norimatsu, "Statistical Analysis on Stimulated Raman Crosstalk in Dispersion-Managed Fiber Links," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2229- (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. Kani, M. Jinno, T. Sakamoto, K. Hattori and K. Oguchi, "Bidirectional transmission to suppress interwavelength-band nonlinear interactions in ultrawide-band WDM transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 376-378, Mar. 1999 .
  2. T. N. Nielsen, A. J. Stentz, K. Rottwitt, D. S. Vengsarkar, Z. J. Chen, P. B. Hansen, J. H. Park, K. S. Feder, S. Cabot, S. Stulz, D. W. Peckham, L. Hsu, C. K. Kan, A. F. Judy, S. Y. Park, L. E. Nelson and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "3.28-Tb/s transmission over 3 × 100 km of nonzero-dispersion fiber using dual C -and L -band distributed Raman amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1079-1081, Aug. 2000.
  3. R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, "Raman gain in glass optical waveguides", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 276-278, 1973.
  4. R. H. Stolen, "Nonlinearity in fiber transmission", Proc. IEEE, vol. 68, pp. 1232-1236, Oct. 1980.
  5. K. Musaka, Y. Akasaka, Y. Suzuki and T. Kamiya, "Novel network fiber to manage dispersion at 1.55 µm with combination of 1.3 µm zero dispersion single mode fiber", in Proc. ECOC '97, vol. 1, Edinburgh, U.K.,Sept. 1997, pp. 127-130.
  6. K. Yonenaga, A. Matsuura, S. Kuwahara, M. Yoneyama, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hagimoto and K. Noguchi, "Dispersion-compensation-free 40-Gbit/s × 4-channel WDM transmission experiment using zero-dispersion-flattened transmission line", presented at the OFC '98, San Jose, CA, Feb. 1998.
  7. Y. Inada, H. Sugahara, K. Fukuchi, T. Ogata and Y. Aoki, "32 × 40-Gb/s dense WDM transmission over 3000 km using double-hybrid fiber configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1366 -1368, Sept. 2002.
  8. A. R. Chraplyvy and P. S. Henry, "Performance degradation due to stimulated Raman scattering in wavelength-division-multiplexed optical-fiber systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 641-643, Aug. 1983.
  9. A. R. Chraplyvy, "Optical power limits in multichannel wavelength-division-multiplexed systems due to stimulated Raman scattering", Electron. Lett., vol. 20, no. 19, pp. 58-59, Jan. 1984.
  10. A. R. Chraplyvy, "Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1548-1557, Oct. 1990.
  11. X. Zhang, B. F. Jørgensen, F. Ebskamp and R. J. Pedersen, "Input power limits and maximum capacity in long-haul WDM lightwave systems due to stimulated raman scattering", Opt. Commun., vol. 107, pp. 358-360, May 1994.
  12. S. Norimatsu and T. Yamamoto, "Waveform distortion due to stimulated raman scattering in wideband WDM transmission systems", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 19, pp. 159-171, Feb. 2001.
  13. D. Cotter and A. M. Hill, "Stimulated Raman crosstalk in optical transmission: Effects of group velocity dispersion", Electron. Lett., vol. 20, no. 16, pp. 185-187, Feb. 1984.
  14. D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, "Theory of stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers in the pulse walkoff regime", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 273-279, Mar. 1989.
  15. D. N. Christodoulides and R. B. Jander, "Evolution of stimulated Raman crosstalk in wavelength division multiplexed systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1722-1724, Dec. 1996.
  16. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, Optical Fiber Telecommunications, I. P. Kaminov, and T. L. Koch, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1997,vol. IIIA,ch. 8.
  17. J. Wang, X. Sun and M. Zhang, "Effect of group velocity dispersion on stimulated Raman crosstalk in multichannel transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 540-542, Apr. 1998.
  18. K.-P. Ho, "Statistical properties of stimulated Raman crosstalk in WDM systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 915-921, July 2000.
  19. S. Wang and C. Fan, "Generalized attenuation coefficients and a novel simulation model for Raman fiber amplifiers", IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 156-159, June 2001.
  20. W. Ding, Z. Chen, D. Wu and A. Xu, "Asymmetry of Raman crosstalk in wavelength division multiplexing transmission systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 1265-1267, Oct. 2002.
  21. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, "Effect of modulation statistics on Raman crosstalk in WDM systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 101-103, Jan. 1995.
  22. H. Yu and K.-P. Ho, "Limitation of stimulated Raman scattering cancellation in WDM systems via spectral inversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 998-1000, Aug. 2000.
  23. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications, New York: Wiley, 1994.
  24. P. A. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1576-1582, Nov. 1991.
  25. K. Shimizu, K. Kinjo, N. Suzuki, K. Ishida, S. Kajiya, K. Motoshima and Y. Kobayashi, "Fiber-effective-area managed fiber lines with distributed Raman amplification in 1.28-Tb/s (32 × 40 Gb/s), 202-km unrepeated transmission", presented at the OFC 2001 , Anaheim, CA, Paper TuU2, Mar. 2001.
  26. I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products, 6th ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2000.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited