OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2003
  • pp: 2753–

Versatile Optical Code-Based MPLS for Circuit, Burst, and Packet Switchings

Ken-Ichi Kitayama and Masayuki Murata

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 11, pp. 2753- (2003)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1508 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We will present versatile optical code (OC)-based photonic MPLS,so-called OC-MPLS which ranges from circuit switching,burst switching, to packet switching. OC-label is an identifier attached to the data, of which information is mapped onto an optical code, a sequence of optical pulses. The OC-label recognition is performed by the optical correlation between an incoming OC-label and the OC-label entries. Unique to the OC-label processing is that it is analog operation entirely in optical domain, and no optical logic operation is involved, therefore, the processing speed is only limited by the propagation delay in the optical correlator, which is a passive optical device. This is a key to the ultrahigh-speed processing capability. Circuit switching of OC-label switched path (OC-LSP) is characterized by the finer data granularity than the wavelength path of GMPS, resulting in a better bandwidth efficiency. In a one-way reservation protocol of photonic burst switching, the OC-labeled control packet improves the throughput by nearly cutting the offset time between the control packet and the following data burst. OC-labeled header of the packet can enables the ultrafast routing in photonic packet switching. To exploit the ultrafast routing capability,a new packet switch architecture is investigated, in which the longest-prefix match algorithm as well as WDM buffering into the fiber delay lines are introduced.

© 2003 IEEE

Ken-Ichi Kitayama and Masayuki Murata, "Versatile Optical Code-Based MPLS for Circuit, Burst, and Packet Switchings," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2753- (2003)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset


  1. Request for Comments: RFC's 3471, 3472, and 3473, The Internet Engineering Task Force, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/html
  2. S. Okamoto, "Future of IP backbone networks comprising hikari (photonic MPLS) routers", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC2002), Copenhagen, Denmark, Sept. 2002,10.2.1.
  3. K. Kitayama, H. Sotobayashi and N. Wada, "Optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) and its applications to photonic networks", IEICE A., vol. E82-A, pp. 2616-2626, 1999.
  4. K. Kitayama, N. Wada and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations of photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1834-1844, 2000.
  5. S. Osawa, N. Wada, K. Kitayama and W. Chujo, "Arbitrarily-shaped optical pulse train synthesis using weight/phase-programmable 32-tapped delay line waveguide filter", Electron. Lettt., vol. 37, pp. 1356-1357, 2001.
  6. H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo and K. Kitayama, "1.6 bit/s/Hz, 6.4 Tbit/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4 OCDM × 40 WDM × 40 Gbit/s) transmission using optical hard thresholding", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 555-557, 2002.
  7. H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Observation of phase conservation in multi-wavelength binary phase shift-keying pulse-sequence generation at 10 Gbit/s by use of a spectrum-sliced supercontinuum in an optical fiber", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1820-1822, 1999.
  8. M. Murata and K. Kitayama, "A perspective on photonic multiprotocol label switching", IEEE Network Mag., vol. 15, pp. 56-63, July/Aug. 2001.
  9. K. Sato and K. Kitayama, "Cutting-edge technologies on photonic backbone networks-Envisaged IP over photonic networks of the year of 2010", IEICE Japan, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 94-103, 2002.
  10. D. J. Blumenthal, B.-E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bower, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightwwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 2058-2075, 2000.
  11. B. St. Arnaud, CA* Net 4 Design Document, Version 1.20. [Online]. Available: http://www.canarie.ca
  12. K. Kitayama, "Code division multiplexing lightwave networks based upon optical code conversion", IEEE Select. Areas Commun., vol. 16, pp. 1309 -1319, 1998.
  13. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching", J. High Speed Networks, vol. 8, pp. 3-16, 1999.
  14. C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 104-114, Sept. 2000 .
  15. S. Verma, H. Chaskar and R. Ravikanth, "Optical burst switching: A viable solution for terabit IP backbone", IEEE Network, pp. 48-53, Nov./Dec. 2000.
  16. K. Kitayama, S. Arakawa, I. Ogushi and M. Murata, "Ultrafast optical-code based path setup for optical burst switching", in IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Quebec, Canada,July 2002,TuA2.
  17. K. Kitayama, S. Arakawa and M. Murata, "Ultrafast optical domain path setup for optical burst switching using optical-code based header processings", in 28th Europ. Conf. Opt. Commun.(ECOC2002), Copenhagen, Sept. 2002,4.05.
  18. S. Arakawa, M. Murata and K. Kitayama, "One-way reservation scheme using optical code processing for fast data transfer in WDM networks", in 7th Working Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM 2003), Budapest, Hungary,Feb. 2003.
  19. M. Yoo and C. Qiao, "Just-enough-time (JET): A high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks", in IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Technologies for Global Information Infrastructure , Aug. 1997, pp. 26-27.
  20. C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andonovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. L. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupas, A. Franzen, P. B. Hansen, D. K. Hunter, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. L. Corre, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon and L. Zucchelli, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 2117-2134, 1998.
  21. A. Carena, M. D. Vaughn, R. Gaudino, M. Shell and D. J. Blumenthal, "OPERA: An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 2135-2145, 1998.
  22. S. Keshav and R. Sharma, "Issues and trends in router design", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 144-151, May 1998.
  23. L. Tancevski, S. Yegnanarayanan, G. Castanon, L. Tamil, F. Masetti and T. McDermott, "Optical routing of asynchronous, variable length packets", IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 18, pp. 2084-2093, Oct. 2000 .
  24. M. Murata and K. Kitayama, "Ultrafast photonic label switch for asynchronous packets of variable length", in Proc. INFOCOM2002 , vol. 1, New York, June 2002, pp. 371-380.
  25. H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Optical code based label swapping for photonic routing", IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E83-B, no. 10, pp. 2341-2347, 2000.
  26. K. Onohara, N. Wada, W. Chujo and K. Kitayama, "Optical code-based IP longest prefix match using variable-length optical gate", J. Opt. Networking, vol. 1, no. 10, 2002. to be published.
  27. K. L. Hall, et al. "All-optical buffering of 40-Gb/s data packets", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 442 -444, 1998.
  28. J. D. Moores, et al. "20-Gb/s optical strage loop/laser using amplitude modulation, filtering and artificial fast saturable absorption", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 1096 -1098, 1995.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited