OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2004
  • pp: 390–

Photon-Counting OTDR for Local Birefringence and Fault Analysis in the Metro Environment

M. Wegmuller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 390- (2004)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (623 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Optical time domain reflectometery (OTDR) is one of the most used measurement techniques in the characterization of optical fiber links. In this paper, we present a thorough investigation of an OTDR using a Peltier cooled photon-counting detector at 1.55 um. Due to its superior spatial resolution and the absence of classical dead-zones, it is well suited for detailed, high resolution analysis of problem zones. We give a detailed analysis of its performance,and also demonstrate that a polarization-sensitive photon-counting OTDR can be used to extract local birefringences too large to be measured with standard P-OTDRs.

© 2004 IEEE

Citation
M. Wegmuller, F. Scholder, and N. Gisin, "Photon-Counting OTDR for Local Birefringence and Fault Analysis in the Metro Environment," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 390- (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-22-2-390


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. M. K. Barnoski and S. M. Jensen, "Fiber waveguides: A novel technique for investigation attenuation characteristics", Appl. Opt., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 2112-2115, 1976.
  2. P. Healey, "Multichannel photon-counting backscatter measurements on monomode fiber", Electron. Lett., vol. 17, no. 20, pp. 751-752, 1981.
  3. P. Healey, "Optical time domain reflectometery-A performance comparison of the analogue and photon counting techniques", Opt. Quant. Electron., vol. 16, pp. 267-276, 1984.
  4. F. Scholder, J.-D. Gautier, M. Wegmuller and N. Gisin, "Long-distance OTDR using photon counting and large detection gates at telecom wavelength", Opt. Comm., vol. 213, pp. 57-61, 2002.
  5. A. Lacaita, P. A. Francese and S. D. Cova, "Single-photon optical-time-domain reflectometer at 1.3 um with 5-cm resolution and high sensitivity", Opt. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1110-1112, 1993.
  6. B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea and J. C. Campbell, "1.52 um room-temperature photon-counting optical time domain reflectometer", Electron. Lett., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 194-196, 1985.
  7. F. Scholder, A. Fougères, J.-D. Gautier, C. Barreiro, A. Haldimann, H. de Riedmatten, M. Wegmuller and N. Gisin, "Photon-counting OTDR at telecom wavelength: High-resolution and long-distance measurements", in Proc. Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements 2002, NIST Spec. Publ. 988, 2002, pp. 157-160.
  8. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, Upper Saddle River, NJ: HP Professionals Books, Prentice-Hall, 1998.
  9. D. Stucki, G. Ribordy, A. Stefanov, H. Zbinden, J. G. Rarity and T. Wall, "Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier cooled InGaAs/InP APDs", J. Mod. Opt., vol. 48, no. 13, pp. 1967-1981, 2001.
  10. A. Whilshire, "Digital time domain fault analysis techniques", in Proc. Int. Conf. on Measurements for Telecommunication Transmission Systems, 1985, pp. 70-73.
  11. K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi and Y. Koyamada, "Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurement for optical fibers and components", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 982-987, July 1992 .
  12. G. Ripamonti, F. Zappa and S. D. Cova, "Effects of trap levels in single-photon optical time-domain reflectometry: Evaluation and correction", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 10, pp. 1398-1402, Oct. 1992.
  13. F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode optical fiber using backscattering technique", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1832-1843, Oct. 1998.
  14. F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "Beat length characterization based on backscattering analysis in randomly perturbed single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1172-1178, July 1999 .
  15. B. Huttner, B. Gisin and N. Gisin, "Distributed PMD measurement with a polarization OTDR in optical fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1843-1848, 1999.
  16. M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, P. Oberson, O. Guinnard, L. Guinnard, C. Vinegoni and N. Gisin, "Analysis of the polarization evolution in a ribbon cable using high resolution coherent OFDR", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 145 -147, Feb. 2001.
  17. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano and T. Tambosso, "Measurement of birefringence correlation length in long, single-mode fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 13, pp. 962-964, 2001.
  18. M. Wegmuller, M. Legré and N. Gisin, "Distributed beatlength measurements in single-mode optical fibers with optical frequency domain reflectometry", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 828-835, May 2002.
  19. B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy and J. P. von der Weid, "Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, Oct. 1998.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited