Design, test, and performance requirement and analysis for a polarization-mode-dispersion compensator (PMDC) with four degrees of freedom is presented. The performance is analyzed on the basis of time-integrated and time-resolved bit-error ratio (BER) measurements. Signal impairments are generated by both, first-and higher-order emulators. The probability distributions of bit errors measured over many one second intervals exhibit very long tails. Therefore even a PMDC with a good average BER performance may result in a significant total outage time for a given system.
© 2004 IEEE
Ulrich Neukirch, Martin Hempstead, Garrett Piech, Yihong Mauro, Michal Mlejnek, Mark J. Soulliere, Mike Webb, Dragan Pikula, Rick Hoyt, Mary Anderegg, Mike Dailey, Feiling Wang, Chris Drewnowski, and Don Sobiski, "Time-Resolved Performance Analysis of a Second-Order PMD Compensator," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1189- (2004)