OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 23, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1284–

Optimal Design of Planar Wavelength Circuits Based on Mach-Zehnder Interferometers and Their Cascaded Forms

Qian Wang and Sailing He

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 1284- (2005)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (244 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Optimal design of planar wavelength circuits based on Mach-Zehnder interferometers and their cascaded forms is presented with the wavelength dependence of the directional couplers considered. A simple approximate formula is presented to calculate quickly the wavelength-dependent phase difference for a directional coupler. By using this simple and effective formula and the genetic algorithm, a broadband coupler (1450-1650 nm) based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and a flat-top passband coarse wavelength division demultiplexer (with a channel spacing of 20 nm) based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers are optimally designed.

© 2005 IEEE

Citation
Qian Wang and Sailing He, "Optimal Design of Planar Wavelength Circuits Based on Mach-Zehnder Interferometers and Their Cascaded Forms," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1284- (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-23-3-1284


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. K. Jinguji, N. Takato, A. Sugita and M. Kawachi, "Mach-Zehnder interferometer type optical waveguide coupler with wavelength-flattened coupling ratio", Electron. Lett., vol. 26, no. 17, pp. 1326-1327, 1990.
  2. M. Oguma, K. Jinguji, T. Kitoh, T. Shibata and A. Himeno, "Flat-passband interleave filter with 200 GHz channel spacing based on planar lightwave circuit-type lattice structure", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 15, pp. 1299-1300, 2000.
  3. M. Kuznetsov, "Cascaded coupler Mach-Zehnder channel dropping filters for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 226-230, 1994.
  4. H. H. Yaffe, C. H. Henry, M. R. Serbin and L. G. Cohen, "Resonant couplers acting as add-drop filters made with silica-on-silicon waveguide technology", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1010-1014, 1994.
  5. K. Takiguchi, K. Okamoto and K. Moriwaki, "Planar lightwave circuit dispersion equalizer", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 2003-2011, 1996.
  6. K. Jinguji, N. Takato, Y. Hida, T. Kitoh and M. Kawachi, "Two-port optical wavelength circuits composed of cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers with point-symmetical configurations", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 2301-2310, 1996.
  7. D. S. Weile and E. Michielssen, "Genetic algorithm optimization applied to electromagnetics: a review", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 343-353, 1997.
  8. Q. Wang, S. He and F. Chen, "An effective and accurate method for the design of directional couplers", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 1233-1238, 2002.
  9. Y. P. Li and C. H. Henry, "Silica-based optical integrated circuits", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 5, pp. 263-280, 1996.
  10. Q. Wang and S. He, "A simple, fast and accurate method of designing directional couplers by evaluating the phase difference of local supermodes", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 449-453, 2003.
  11. B. E. Little and T. Murphy, "Design rules for maximally flat wavelength-insensitive optical power dividers using Mach-Zehnder structures", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1607-1609, 1997.
  12. M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, T. Shibata, Y. Inoue, K. Jinguji, A. Himeno and Y. Hibino, "Four-channel flat-top and low-loss filter for wide passband WDM access network", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 514-515, 2001.
  13. K. Jinguji and M. Kawachi, "Synthesis of coherent two-port lattice-form optical delay-line circuit", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 73-82, 1995.
  14. Q. Wang, J. Lu and S. He, "Optimal design method of a low-loss broadband Y-branch with a multimode waveguide section", Appl. Opt., vol. 41, no. 36, pp. 7644-7649, 2002.
  15. Y. Inoue, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, M. Ishii, T. Shibata and Y. Hibino, "Low-crosstalk 4-channel coarse WDM filter using silica-based planar-lightwave-circuit", in OFC2002, 2002, pp. 75-76.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited