This paper presents the analysis and characterization of partially depleted absorber (PDA) photodiodes. Coupling to these photodiodes is achieved through a planar short multimode waveguide (PSMW) structure. Electric transport in the PDA structure has been investigated and an equivalent electric circuit was developed. Measurements on 5 x 20 µm2 PSMW PDA photodiodes have shown 0.80 A/W responsivity with a fiber mode diameter as high as 6 µm. The transverse electric/transverse magnetic polarization dependence was < 0.5 ± 0.3 dB with -1-dB input coupling tolerances as high as ±2.0 and ± 1.3µm for horizontal and vertical directions. The -3-dB bandwidth was 50 GHz, and the -1-dB compression current at 40 GHz was 17 mA corresponding to +4.5 dBm radio frequency (RF) power. Compared to similar evanescently coupled p-i-n photodiodes, the saturation current has been significantly improved while maintaining comparable bandwidth and high responsivity.
© 2005 IEEE
Stéphane Demiguel, Xiaowei Li, Ning Li, Hao Chen, Joe C. Campbell, Jian Wei, and Alex Anselm, "Analysis of Partially Depleted Absorber Waveguide Photodiodes," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2505- (2005)