OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 24, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3598–3615

Light-Frames—Pragmatic Framework for Optical Packet Transport: Extending Ethernet LANs to Optical Networks

Ashwin Gumaste and Si Qing Zheng

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 10, pp. 3598-3615 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (721 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


In this paper, a network architecture for the realization of a pragmatic framework for optical packet transport called the light-frame (LF) framework is proposed. The architecture enables the transport of packets over optical media. While doing so, it relaxes the need for address recognition as well as high-speed switching, which are the two key hindering factors that have prevented contemporary optical packet transport solutions from being deployed. Using this framework, a tradeoff was achieved between cost (maturity in deployment) and performance (network efficiency). The idea is to create a logical topology that enables N2 connectivity, yielding sublambda granularity, and thereby facilitating packet transport. Methods for topology discovery and conflict resolution are proposed. This paper also discusses stochastic as well as optimization analysis of the framework. The fiber resource requirements of this network solution are compared to a leading access networking solution—passive optical networks (PONs)—and cost benefits are shown. The LF concept due to its finely granular application, despite a present technological bottleneck, presents a good implementation case that allows it to be pushed for next-generation optical packet transport, especially in the access area.

© 2006 IEEE

Ashwin Gumaste and Si Qing Zheng, "Light-Frames—Pragmatic Framework for Optical Packet Transport: Extending Ethernet LANs to Optical Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3598-3615 (2006)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, J. Jue, "Light-frames: A pragmatic framework for optical packet transport," Proc. IEEE ICC (2004) pp. 1537-1542.
  2. A. Gumaste, Light-trail and light-frame architectures for optical networks Ph.D. dissertation Univ. TexasDallas (2003).
  3. A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, Network evaluation of light-frames Dept. Comput. Sci., Univ. TexasDallas CS-Tech. Rep. CS:14 (2004).
  4. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication at the optical domain," Proc. IEEE HPSR (2003) pp. 634-644.
  5. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Mesh implementations of light-trails: A solution to IP centric communication in the optical domain," Proc. 12th IEEE ICCCN (2003) pp. 178-183.
  6. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, "Light-trails: An optical solution for IP transport," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 3, 261-281 (2004) (invited).
  7. A. Gumaste, S. Q. Zheng, "Optical storage area networks: The light-trails approach," IEEE Commun. Mag. 21, 72-79 (2005).
  8. A. Gumaste, G. Kuper, I. Chlamtac, "Optimizing light-trail assignment for IP centric communication," Proc. 13th IEEE LANMAN (2004).
  9. L. Tamil, T. McDermott, F. Masetti, G. A. Castañon, A. Ge, L. Tancevski, "Optical IP routers: Design and performance issues under self-similar traffic," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 59-67 (1999).
  10. I. Chlamtac, "CORD: Contention resolution using delay lines," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 1014-1029 (1996).
  11. Y. Ota, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).
  12. Hernandez, "First field trial of optical label-based switching and packet drop on a 477 km NTON/sprint link," Proc OFC (2003) pp. 168-169.
  13. L. Rau, D. Blumenthal, "Optical packet communication using all optical label swapping," Proc. OFC (2002).
  14. C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching LOBS: IP over WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 104-114 (2000).
  15. F. Calleghatti, "Packet optical networks for high-speed TCP-IP backbones. Solutions for optical transparent networking. An optical transparent packet network. IP over OTP," IEEE Commun. Mag. (1999).
  16. I. Chlamtac, A. Farago, "Lightpath (WDM) routing for large networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 909 (1996).
  17. A. Gumaste, T. Antony, DWDM Network Designs and Engineering Solutions (Pearson, 2002).
  18. R. Bertsekas, G. Gallagher, Data Networks pp. 279.
  19. M. Garey, D. Johnson, Computers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness .
  20. D. Dutta, WDM Technologies: Active Optical Components (Academic, 2002).
  21. A. Gumaste, T. Antony, First Mile Access Networks and Enabling Technologies (Pearson, 2004).
  22. T. Apostolopoulos, E. Protonotarios, "Queueing analysis of buffered CSMA/CD protocols," IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-34, 898-904 (1986).
  23. L. Klienrock, Queueing Systems (Princeton Univ. Press, 1975).
  24. M. Marathe, S. Kumar, "Analytical models for an Ethernet like LAN link," Proc. ACM Sigmetrics Conf. Meas. and Modeling Comput. Syst. (1981).
  25. I. Chlamtac, A. Gumaste, C. Szabo, Business Models and Technologies for Community Networks (Wiley, 2005).
  26. M. Charikar, "Approximate algorithms for directed Steiner problems," Proc. 9th Annu. ACM-SIAM on Discrete Algorithms (1998).
  27. B. Mukherjee, J. Meditch, "The $p_{i}$ persistent protocol for unidirectional broadcast bus networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 36, 1277-1286 (1988).
  28. K. Natarajan, A. Gudhe, A. Gumaste, N. Ghani, "A novel K-out-of-N auctioning mechanism and strategic scaling for dynamic bandwidth allocation in GEPON," Proc. IEEE Globecom (2006).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited