OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2006
  • pp: 3882–3888

PMD Distribution Measurement by an OTDR With Polarimetry Considering Depolarization of Backscattered Waves

Takeshi Ozeki, Satoshi Seki, and Kimiaki Iwasaki

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 11, pp. 3882-3888 (2006)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (655 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

In previous studies of polarization-mode-dispersion (PMD) distribution measurement by an optical time-domain reflectometer with polarimetry (p-OTDR), scatterers were assumed to be clouds of nonspherical particles in a fiber. However, the pulsewidth dependence of the degree of polarization (DOP) could not be explained by the assumption of nonspherical backscattering alone. In this paper, it is reported that the p-OTDR waveforms were fitted well by modified Mueller matrices under the assumptions of scattering by cloud of spherical particles and a reduction in the DOP due to the interference of the backscattered waves with the phase fluctuation. A PMD distribution measurement is demonstrated based on the p-OTDR Jones matrix eigenvalue method with the assumption of slowly varying PMD along the fiber length, and the regeneration of the PMD distribution of test fibers fabricated by splicing constituent fibers with known PMDs was successful. Surprisingly, the regenerated PMD distribution along the fiber length shows a linear accumulation of constituent fiber PMD in the short range of 6 km. The reverse-direction measurements show a reasonable regeneration of what is assumed to be a linear accumulation along the fiber length, which strongly suggests that the PMD distribution along the fiber shows a linear accumulation rather than a root-length accumulation in relatively short fibers with smaller PMD.

© 2006 IEEE

Citation
Takeshi Ozeki, Satoshi Seki, and Kimiaki Iwasaki, "PMD Distribution Measurement by an OTDR With Polarimetry Considering Depolarization of Backscattered Waves," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3882-3888 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-24-11-3882


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. Tardy, M. Jurczyszyn, F. Bruyere, M. Herz, "Fiber PMD analysis for optical-fiber cable using polarization OTDR," Optical Fiber Comm. Conf., San Diego, CA, 1995, Paper ThD2.
  2. T. Ozeki, A. Mitsuoka, M. Yoshimura, T. Kudou, "Polarization mode dispersion distribution along fiber length," Proc. OFC (1996) pp. 295.
  3. F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode fiber using backscattering technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1832-1843 (1998).
  4. B. Huttner, N. Gisin, J. P. von der Weid, "Local birefringent measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1458-1460 (1998).
  5. J. G. Ellison, A. S. Siddiqui, "Automatic matrix-based analysis method for extraction of optical fiber parameters from polarimetric optical time domain reflectometry data," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1226-1232 (2000).
  6. H. Sunnerd, B. E. Olsson, M. Karisson, P. A. Andreksonand, J. Brentel, "Polarization mode dispersion measurements along installed optical fibers using gated backscattered light and a polarimeter," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 897-904 (2000).
  7. T. Ozeki, "PMD distribution measurement with polarimetric OTDR assuming non-spherical rayleigh backscattering," Opt. Lett. 28, 1293-1295 (2003).
  8. T. Ozeki, K. Shinozuka, K. Iwasaki, "PMD distribution measurement with polarimetric OTDR assuming non-spherical Rayleigh backscattering," Proc. OFC (2004) pp. 3.
  9. T. Kudou, M. Iguchi, M. Musuda, T. Ozeki, "Theoretical basis of PMD equalization up to 2nd-order," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 614-617 (2000).
  10. C. D. Poole, R. E. Wagner, "Phenomenological approach to polarization dispersion in single mode fibers," Electron Lett. 22, 1029-1030 (1986).
  11. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, 1981) pp. 53-57.
  12. M. I. Mishchenko, J. W. Hovenier, L. D. Travis, Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles (Academic, 2000) pp. 77-82.
  13. M. I. Mishchenko, J. W. Hovernier, "Polarization of light backscattered by randomly oriented nonspherical particles," Opt. Lett. 20, 1356-1358 (1995).
  14. H. C. van de Hust, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Dover, 1957) pp. 44-45.
  15. V. Sankaran, J. T. Walsh, Jr.D. J. Maitland, "Polarized light propagation through tissue phantoms containing densely packed scatterers," Opt. Lett. 25, 239-241 (2000).
  16. H. Z. Cummins, "Laser light scattering spectroscopy," Proc. Int. School Phys. Quantum Opt. “Enrico Fermi” (1969) pp. 247-294.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited