OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2006
  • pp: 4149–4154

Characterization of Polarization-Maintaining Fiber Using High-Sensitivity Optical-Frequency-Domain Reflectometry

Mark E. Froggatt, Dawn K. Gifford, Steven Kreger, Matthew Wolfe, and Brian J. Soller

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 11, pp. 4149-4154 (2006)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (171 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Optical-frequency-domain reflectometry is used to measure the group-index difference and the refractive-index difference (i.e., beat length) between the fast and slow modes in polarization-maintaining optical fiber. The Rayleigh scatter normally present in the fiber is measured in reflection. This measurement, in turn, enables a distributed measurement of the fiber's birefringence that is rapid and completely nondestructive.

© 2006 IEEE

Citation
Mark E. Froggatt, Dawn K. Gifford, Steven Kreger, Matthew Wolfe, and Brian J. Soller, "Characterization of Polarization-Maintaining Fiber Using High-Sensitivity Optical-Frequency-Domain Reflectometry," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4149-4154 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-24-11-4149


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. F. P. Kapron, "Birefringence in dielectric optical waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222-225 (1972).
  2. S. Huang, Z. Lin, "Measuring the birefringence of single-mode fibers with short beat length or non-uniformity: A new method," Appl. Opt. 24, 2355-2361 (1985).
  3. K. Takada, J. Noda, R. Ulrich, "Precision measurement of modal birefringence of highly birefringent fibers by periodic lateral force," Appl. Opt. 24, 4387-4391 (1985).
  4. K. Kikuchi, T. Okoshi, "Wavelength-sweeping technique for measuring the beat length of linearly birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 8, 122-123 (1983).
  5. P. Zhang, D. Irvine-Halliday, "Measurement of the beat length in high-birefringent optical fiber by way of magnetooptic modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 597-602 (1994).
  6. A. J. Barlow, "Optical-fiber birefringence measurement using a photo-elastic modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-3, 135-145 (1985).
  7. K. S. Chiang, "Acousto-optical modulation method for measuring the beat length of a linearly birefringent optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 14, 1029-1031 (1989).
  8. W. J. Bock, W. Urbanczyk, M. Fontaine, "Characterization of highly birefringent optical fibers using interferometric techniques," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 46, 903-907 (1997).
  9. D. P. Davé, T. E. Milner, "Precise beat-length measurement of birefringent fibres with a dual-channel, low-coherence reflectometer," Electron. Lett. 37, 215-216 (2001).
  10. A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, A. Pizzinat, M. Schiano, T. Tambosso, "Measurement of local beat length and differential group delay in installed single mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1389-1394 (2000).
  11. F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode optical fiber using backscatter technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1832-1843 (1998).
  12. J. P. von derWeid, R. Passy, G. Mussi, N. Gisin, "On the characterization of optical fiber network components with optical frequency domain reflectometry," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1131-1141 (1997).
  13. M. Wegmüller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, "Distributed beat length measurement in single-mode fibers with optical frequency domain reflectometry," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 800-807 (2002).
  14. B. Huttner, J. Reecht, N. Gisin, R. Passy, J. P. von derWeid, "Local birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers with coherent optical frequency-domain reflectometry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1458-1460 (1998).
  15. B. Soller, D. Gifford, M. Wolfe, M. Froggatt, "High resolution optical frequency domain reflectometry for characterization of components and assemblies," Opt. Express 13, 666-674 (2005).
  16. M. Froggatt, J. Moore, "High spatial resolution distributed strain measurement in optical fiber using Rayleigh scatter," Appl. Opt. 37, 1735-1740 (1998).
  17. B. Soller, D. Gifford, M. Wolfe, M. Froggatt, P. Wysocki, M. Yu, "Measurement of localized heating in fiber optic components with millimeter spatial resolution," Optical Fiber Communications/Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2006, Paper OFN 3.
  18. W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, "Measurement of polarization mode dispersion in high-birefringence fibers," Opt. Lett. 8, 195-197 (1983).
  19. S. C. Rashleigh, "Measurement of fiber birefringence by wavelength scanning: Effect of dispersion," Opt. Lett. 8, 336-338 (1983).
  20. M. Legre, M. Wegmuller, N. Gisin, "Investigation of the ratio between phase and group birefringence in optical single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3374-3378 (2003).
  21. R. B. Wagreich, W. A. Atia, H. Singh, J. S. Sirkis, "Effects of diametric load on fibre Bragg gratings fabricated in low birefringent fibre," Electron. Lett. 32, 1223-1224 (1996).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited