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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2006
  • pp: 4729–4749

Photonic-Crystal Fibers

Philip St.J. Russell

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 12, pp. 4729-4749 (2006)


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Abstract

The history, fabrication, theory, numerical modeling, optical properties, guidance mechanisms, and applications of photonic-crystal fibers are reviewed.

© 2006 IEEE

Citation
Philip St.J. Russell, "Photonic-Crystal Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-24-12-4729


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References

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  51. W. N. MacPherson, M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, P. M. Blanchard, J. G. Burnett, A. H. Greenaway, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Remotely addressed optical fiber curvature sensor using multicore photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Commun. 193, 97-104 (2001).
  52. G. Bouwmans, R. M. Percival, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "High-power Er:Yb fiber laser with very high numerical aperture pump-cladding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 817-818 (2003).
  53. M. T. Myaing, J. Y. Ye, T. B. Norris, T. Thomas, J. R. Baker, W. J. Wadsworth, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Enhanced two-photon biosensing with double-clad photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1224-1226 (2003).
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  59. G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St.J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, B. J. Mangan, "Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery," Opt. Express 12, 1477-1484 (2004).
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  61. A. Argyros, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Luan, P. St.J. Russell, "Photonic bandgap with an index step of one percent," Opt. Express 13, 309-314 (2005).
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  67. P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. M. Bird, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Design of low-loss and highly birefringent hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 7329-7341 (2006).
  68. D. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Express 12, 4490-4495 (2004).
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  70. W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
  71. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
  72. K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Nakajima, "Penalty-free dispersion-managed soliton transmission over a 100-km low-loss PCF," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 32-37 (2006).
  73. G. J. Pearce, J. M. Pottage, D. M. Bird, P. J. Roberts, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Hollow-core PCF for guidance in the mid to far infra-red," Opt. Express 13, 6937-6946 (2005).
  74. J. D. Shephard, W. N. MacPherson, R. R. J. Maier, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, M. Mohebbi, A. K. George, P. J. Roberts, J. C. Knight, "Single-mode mid-IR guidance in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7139-7144 (2005).
  75. P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Realizing low loss air core photonic crystal fibers by exploiting an antiresonant core surround," Opt. Express 13, 8277-8285 (2005).
  76. M. Nielsen, N. Mortensen, M. Albertsen, J. Folkenberg, A. Bjarklev, D. Bonacinni, "Predicting macrobending loss for large-mode area photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1775-1779 (2004).
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  80. F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004).
  81. A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
  82. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of MW optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
  83. J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, B. J. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Express 12, 717-723 (2004).
  84. J. D. Shephard, F. Couny, P. St.J. Russell, C. Jones, J. C. Knight, D. P. Hand, "Improved hollow-core photonic crystal fiber design for delivery of nanosecond pulses in laser micromachining applications," Appl. Opt. 44, 4582-4588 (2005).
  85. L. Michaille, C. R. Bennett, D. M. Taylor, T. J. Shepherd, J. Broeng, H. R. Simonsen, A. Petersson, "Phase locking and supermode selection in multicore photonic crystal fiber lasers with a large doped area," Opt. Lett. 30, 1668-1670 (2005).
  86. W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. D. Hedley, P. St.J. Russell, "Very high numerical aperture fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 843-845 (2004).
  87. W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St.J. Russell, "High power air-clad photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 48-53 (2003).
  88. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003).
  89. A. Tünnermann, S. Hofer, S. Liem, J. Limpert, M. Reich, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, "Power scaling of high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers," Laser Phys. 15, 107-117 (2005).
  90. F. Di Teodoro, C. D. Brooks, "1.1 MW peak-power, 7 W average-power, high-spectral-brightness, diffraction-limited pulses from a photonic crystal fiber amplifier," Opt. Lett. 30, 2694-2696 (2005).
  91. J. Limpert, T. Schriedber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, "All fiber chirped-pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic band gap fiber," Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003).
  92. C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, "All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly dispersive air-core photonic band gap fiber," Opt. Exp. 11, 2832-2837 (2003).
  93. F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Nature 434, 488-491 (2005).
  94. S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, N. Y. Joly, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, G. Kakarantzas, P. St.J. Russell, "Splice-free interfacing of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1629-1631 (2005).
  95. S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, M. Englund, "Multimode fiber devices with single-mode performance," Opt. Lett. 30, 2545-2547 (2005).
  96. T. A. Birks, G. Kakarantzas, P. St.J. Russell, D. F. Murphy, "Photonic crystal fiber devices," Proc. SPIE—(Fiber-Based Component Fabrication, Testing and Connectorization) (2002) pp. 142-151.
  97. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, "Hole inflation and tapering of stock photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6541-6549 (2005).
  98. G. Kakarantzas, T. E. Dimmick, T. A. Birks, R. Le Roux, P. St.J. Russell, "Miniature all-fiber devices based on $\hbox{CO}_2$ laser micro-structuring of tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 1137-1139 (2001).
  99. G. Kakarantzas, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, "Structural long-period gratings in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1013-1015 (2002).
  100. G. Kakarantzas, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, L. Farr, F. Couny, B. J. Mangan, "Structural rocking filters in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 158-160 (2003).
  101. S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fiber waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004).
  102. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).
  103. The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, 1989).
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  105. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T.-P. M. Man, P. St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers—A novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
  106. J. M. Dudley, "Review of supercontinuum generation in PCF," Rev. Mod. Phys. (2006).
  107. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. Ghanta, T. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, A. J. Stentz, "Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
  108. G. Humbert, W. J. Wadsworth, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St.J. Russell, M. J. Lederer, D. Kopf, K. Wiesauer, E. I. Breuer, D. Stifter, "Supercontinuum generation system for optical coherence tomography based on tapered photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 14, 1596-1603 (2006).
  109. R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St.J. Russell, "An optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
  110. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, H. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope-offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004).
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