Homodyne phase-shift-keying systems can achieve the best receiver sensitivity and the longest transmission distance among all optical communication systems. This paper reviews recent research efforts in the field and examines future possibilities that might lead toward potential practical use of these systems. Additionally, phase estimation techniques based on feed-forward phase recovery and digital delay-lock loop approaches are examined, simulated, and compared.
© 2006 IEEE
Leonid G. Kazovsky, Georgios Kalogerakis, and Wei-Tao Shaw, "Homodyne Phase-Shift-Keying Systems: Past Challenges and Future Opportunities," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4876-4884 (2006)