OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 24, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2006
  • pp: 870–

Spectral Characteristics of Tapered LPG Device as a Sensing Element for Refractive Index and Temperature

T. Allsop, F. Floreani, K. P. Jedrzejewski, P. V. S. Marques, R. Romero, D. J. Webb, and I. Bennion

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 2, pp. 870- (2006)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (340 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

The fabrication and characterization of long-period gratings (LPGs) in fiber tapers is presented alongside supporting theory. The devices possess a high sensitivity to the index of aqueous solutions due to an observed spectral bifurcation effect, yielding a limiting index resolution of ±8.5 × 10-5 for solutions with an index in the range 1.330-1.335.

© 2006 IEEE

Citation
T. Allsop, F. Floreani, K. P. Jedrzejewski, P. V. S. Marques, R. Romero, D. J. Webb, and I. Bennion, "Spectral Characteristics of Tapered LPG Device as a Sensing Element for Refractive Index and Temperature," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 870- (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-24-2-870


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. Vasilev, et al. "Long-period refractive index fibre gratings: Properties, applications and fabrication techniques", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4083, Moscow, Russia, 2000, pp. 212-223.
  2. T. Allsop, et al. "A comparison and characteristics of sensing parameters of long period gratings written in three different types of fibre", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 210-223, Oct. 2003.
  3. A. Snyder, "Coupling of modes on a tapered dielectric cylinder", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. MTT-18, no. 7, pp. 383-392, Jul. 1970.
  4. S. Rabbany, et al. "Optical immunosensor", Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng., vol. 22, no. 5/6, pp. 307-346, 1994.
  5. F. L. Arregui, et al. "Optical fibre strain gauge based a tapered single-mode fibre", Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 90-96, Feb. 2000.
  6. H. J. Patrick, "Analysis of the response of long period fiber gratings to external index of refraction", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1606-1612, Sep. 1998.
  7. T. Allsop, et al. "Detection of organic aromatic compounds in paraffin by a long period fibre grating optical sensor with optimised sensitivity", Opt. Commun., vol. 191, no. 3-6, pp. 181-190, May 2001.
  8. T. Allsop, et al. "Refractive index sensing with a long period grating fabricated in a biconical tapered fibre", Electron. Lett., vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 471-472, Apr. 2005.
  9. J.-F. Ding, et al. "Fiber-taper seeded long-period grating pair as a highly sensitive refractive-index sensor", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1247-1249, Jun. 2005.
  10. A. W. Synder, Optical Waveguide Theory, London: U.K.: Chapman and Hall, 1991.
  11. R. J. Black, et al. "Core-mode cutoff for finite-cladding lightguides", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. J-133, no. 6, pp. 377-384, 1986.
  12. J. D. Love, et al. "Tapered single-mode fibres and devices-Part 1: Adiabaticity criteria", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. J, vol. 133, no. 6, pp. 377-384, 1986.
  13. T. Erdogan, "Cladding-mode resonances in short-and long-period fibre grating filters", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci., vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 1760-1773, Aug. 1997.
  14. C. Tsao, Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis, New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.
  15. Y. Takeuchi, et al. "Novel fiber coupler tapering process using a microheater", IEEE Photon Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 465-467, May 1992.
  16. R. P. Kenny, et al. "Control of optical fibre taper shape", Electron. Lett., vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 1654-1656, Aug. 1991.
  17. D. Marcuse, "Mode conversion in optical fibres with monotonically increasing core radius", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. LT-5, no. 1, pp. 125-133, Jan. 1987.
  18. M. Miyagi, et al. "An approximate formula for describing dispersion properties of optical dielectric slab and fibre waveguides", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci., vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 291-293, 1979.
  19. T. Allsop, et al. "High sensitivity refractometer based upon a long period grating Mach-Zehnder interferometer", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 1702-1705, Apr. 2002.
  20. K. Schroeder, et al. "A fibre Bragg grating refractometer", Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 757-764, 2001.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited