OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 26, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2008
  • pp: 3363–3368

Tunable Monolithic DWDM Band-Selection Interleaver Filter Switch on Silicon-on-Insulator Substrate

Zhigang Wu, Soichiro Honda, Junya Matsui, Katsuyuki Utaka, Tomohiko Edura, Masahide Tokuda, Ken Tsutsui, and Yasuo Wada

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 26, Issue 19, pp. 3363-3368 (2008)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1110 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

A tunable band-selection interleaver filter switch formed on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate for dense wavelength-division-multiplexing (DWDM) system was fabricated, and its fundamental performances were experimentally demonstrated. The device consists of monolithic integration of a Michelson interferometer (MI) structure with two arm-waveguides with different lengths, appropriately designed for ITU-grid separation, a phase-modulation electrode on one arm and tunable wideband Bragg gratings reflectors. An SOI rib waveguide structure with a medium mode size was adopted for low loss and easy fabrication. A bandwidth of the grating, formed by electron beam (EB) lithography and deep reactive-ion etching (Deep-RIE), was rather large of 4 nm at ${- }$10 dB transmission level, from which a large coupling coefficient of the Bragg grating of 105 cm$^{-1}$ was evaluated. A large tuning range of the Bragg grating of 17 nm was obtained. An extinction ratio of the interleaver filter was about 18 dB, and the interleaving switching was also attained with an applied electric power of 50 mW and a switching speed of about 1 ms.

© 2008 IEEE

Citation
Zhigang Wu, Soichiro Honda, Junya Matsui, Katsuyuki Utaka, Tomohiko Edura, Masahide Tokuda, Ken Tsutsui, and Yasuo Wada, "Tunable Monolithic DWDM Band-Selection Interleaver Filter Switch on Silicon-on-Insulator Substrate," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3363-3368 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-26-19-3363


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K. Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).
  2. R. Slavík, S. LaRochelle, "All-fiber periodic filters for DWDM using a cascade of FIR and IIR lattice filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 497-499 (2004).
  3. Q. J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. C. Soh, "Efficient structure for optical interleavers using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 387-389 (2005).
  4. B. Dingel, M. Izutsu, "Multifunction optical filter with a Michelson-Gires-Tournois interferometer for wavelength-division-multiplexed system applications," Opt. Lett. 23, 1099-1101 (1998).
  5. X. Fang, K. Demarest, H. Ji, C. Allen, L. Pelz, "A subnanosecond polarization-independent tunable filter/wavelength router using a Sagnac interferometer," Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1490-1492 (1997).
  6. Y. Lai, W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, "Bidirectional nonreciprocal wavelength-interleaving coherent fiber transversal filter," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 500-502 (2004).
  7. C. Hsieh, R. Wang, Z. J. Wen, I. McMichael, P. Yeh, C. Lee, W. Cheng, "Flat-top interleavers using two Gires-Tournois etalons as phase-dispersive mirrors in a Michelson interferometer," Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 242-244 (2003).
  8. Y. P. Li, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laskowski, H. H. Yaffe, R. L. Sweatt, "Monolithic optical waveguide 1.31/1.55 $\mu$m WDM with ${- 50}~{\rm dB}$ crosstalk over 100 nm bandwidth," Electron. Lett. 31, 2100-2101 (1995).
  9. T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, H. Takahashi, "Lattice-Form CWDM interleave filter using silica-based planar lightwave circuit," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570-1572 (2006).
  10. S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearson, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).
  11. C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, K. McGreer, "Planar lightwave circuit eight-channel CWDM multiplexer with 3.9–dB insertion loss," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
  12. T. Mizuno, Y. Hida, T. Kitoh, M. Kohtoku, M. Oguma, Y. Inoue, Y. Hibino, "12.5-GHz spacing compact and low-loss interleave filter using 1.5% $\Delta$ silica-based waveguide," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2484-2486 (2004).
  13. S. Kamei, M. Oguma, M. Kohtoku, T. Shibata, Y. Inoue, "Low-loss athermal silica-based lattice-form interleave filter with silicone-filled grooves," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 798-800 (2005).
  14. M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, T. Mizuno, T. Shibata, M. Kohtoku, Y. Hibino, "Compact and low-loss interleave filter employing latticeform structure and silica-based waveguide," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 895-902 (2004).
  15. M. Kohtoku, T. Mizuno, T. Kitoh, M. Oguma, T. Shibata, Y. Inoue, Y. Hibino, "Low loss and low crosstalk plc-based interleave filter fabricated with automatic phase trimming method," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC2002) (2002).
  16. X. Shu, S. Jiang, D. Huang, "Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength-laser application," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 980-982 (2000).
  17. R. A. Soref, "Silicon-based optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 81, 1687-1706 (1993).
  18. B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon photonics," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4600-4615 (2006).
  19. K. Sato, "Multi-granular optical path networking technologies," Proc. Photonics Switching (PS2007) (2007).
  20. H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).
  21. S. Honda, K. Nakamura, Z. Wu, K. Utaka, T. Edura, M. Tokuda, K. Tsutsui, Y. Wada, "Fabrication and evaluation of large-coupling SI Bragg gratings on SOI RIB waveguides employed by deep-RIE," Proc. 11th OptoElectron. Commun. Conf. (OECC2006) (2006).
  22. Z. Wu, K. Nakamura, S. Honda, K. Utaka, T. Edura, K. Tsutsui, Y. Wada, "Implementation of tapered multimode interference lightwave combiner on silicon-on-insulator substrate with negligible back-reflection," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L923-L925 (2005).
  23. S. Jeong, H. Kim, T. Mizumoto, J. Wiedmann, S. Arai, M. Takenaka, Y. Nakano, "Polarization-independent all-optical switching in a nonlinear GaInAsP/InP highmesa waveguide with a vertically etched Bragg reflector," J. Quantum. Electron. 38, 706-715 (2002).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited