OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2009
  • pp: 30–40

Analysis and Development of Fixed and Variable Waveband MUX/DEMUX Utilizing AWG Routing Functions

Shoji Kakehashi, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Ken-ichi Sato, Osamu Moriwaki, and Shin Kamei

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 30-40 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1237 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We develop and analyze a new waveband multi/demultiplexer that exploits the routing functions of arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWG). The device can accommodate multiple input/output fibers simultaneously and be implemented monolithically using silica planar lightwave circuit (PLC) technology. We analyze AWG port usage for variants of the proposed multi/demultiplexers. The important characteristic of the device, its coherent and incoherent crosstalk performance is investigated. A technique to reduce the crosstalk is presented. We extend the capability of the device so that the waveband bandwidth can be changed by adding small switches. Experiments confirm the excellent performance of the proposed waveband multi/demultiplexer.

© 2009 IEEE

Shoji Kakehashi, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Ken-ichi Sato, Osamu Moriwaki, and Shin Kamei, "Analysis and Development of Fixed and Variable Waveband MUX/DEMUX Utilizing AWG Routing Functions," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 30-40 (2009)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. D. Cooperson, "ROADM deployment plans in LH and metro networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).
  2. S. Okamoto, T. Otani, W. Imajuku, D. Shimazaki, M. Hayashi, K. Ogaki, M. Miyazawa, I. Nishioka, M. Nanba, K. Morita, S. Kano, S. Seno, K. Sagara, N. Arai, H. Ohtsuki, "Nationwide GMPLS field trial using different types (MPLS/TDM/Lambda) of switching capable equipment from multiple vendors," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2005).
  3. L. Noirie, C. Blaizot, E. Dotaro, "Multi-granularity optical cross-connect," Proc. ECOC (2000) pp. 269-270.
  4. K. Harada, K. Shimizu, T. Kudou, T. Ozeki, "Hierarchical optical path cross-connect systems for large scale WDM networks," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (1999) pp. 356-358.
  5. J. Yamawaku, A. Takada, W. Imajuku, T. Morioka, "Evaluation of amount of equipment on single-layer optical paths," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1971-1978 (2005).
  6. K. Sato, "Recent developments in and challenges of photonic networking technologies," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 454-467 (2007).
  7. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "Optical switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks," Proc. SPIE Opt. East (2006) pp. 638809-1-638809-9.
  8. R. Parthiban, R. S. Tucker, C. Leckie, "Waveband grooming and IP aggregation in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2476-2488 (2003).
  9. X. Cao, V. Anand, C. Qiao, "Waveband switching in optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 105-112 (2003).
  10. I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, "An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a cartesian product space," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 113-114.
  11. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, C. Qiao, "A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003).
  12. P.-H. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, J. Wu, "A scalable design of multigranularity optical cross-connects for the next generation optical internet," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133-1142 (2003).
  13. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, A. C. Varsou, "Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 1344-1354.
  14. G. J. Ockenfuss, N. A. O'Brien, E. Williams, "Ultra-low stress coating process: An enabling technology for extreme performance thin film interference filters," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2002).
  15. C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide gratings routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, (2003).
  16. S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).
  17. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 233-234.
  18. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs –Formulation of waveguide connection and fabrication," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007).
  19. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, S. Kamei, Y. Jinnouchi, M. Okuno, "Performance of waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated AWGs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1197-1199 (2007).
  20. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Formulation of waveguide connection for waveband MUX/DEMUX using concatenated arrayed-waveguide gratings," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, 2950-2952 (2007).
  21. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, O. Moriwaki, "Interleaved waveband MUX/DEMUX developed on single arrayed-waveguide grating," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008).
  22. K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, "Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. E90-B, (2007).
  23. H. Takahashi, K. Oda, H. Toba, "Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on $N\times N$ optical interconnection," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 1097-1105 (1996).
  24. K. Okamoto, T. Hasegawa, O. Ishida, A. Himeno, Y. Ohmori, "32$\,\times\,$32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," IEE Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).
  25. K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. S. Kamei, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, "Monolithically integrated waveband selective switch using cyclic AWGs," Proc. ECOC 2008 (2008).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited