OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2009
  • pp: 55–59

Blue-Violet Lasing of Optically Pumped GaN-Based Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser With Dielectric Distributed Bragg Reflectors

Jiang-Yong Zhang, Li-E. Cai, Bao-Ping Zhang, Shui-Qing Li, Feng Lin, Jing-Zhi Shang, Du-Xiang Wang, Ke-Chuang Lin, Jin-Zhong Yu, and Qi-Ming Wang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 55-59 (2009)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (943 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Optically pumped GaN-based vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) with two Ta$_{2}$O$_{5}$/SiO$_{2}$ dielectric distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) was fabricated via a simplified procedure: direct deposition of the top DBR onto the GaN surface exposed after substrate removal and no use of etching and polishing processes. Blue-violet lasing action was observed at a wavelength of 397.3 nm under optical pumping at room temperature with a threshold pumping energy density of about 71.5mJ/cm$^{2}$. The laser action was further confirmed by a narrow emission linewidth of 0.13 nm and a degree of polarization of about 65%. The result suggests that practical blue-violet GaN-bsaed VCSEL can be realized by optimizing the laser lift-off technique for substrate removal.

© 2009 IEEE

Citation
Jiang-Yong Zhang, Li-E. Cai, Bao-Ping Zhang, Shui-Qing Li, Feng Lin, Jing-Zhi Shang, Du-Xiang Wang, Ke-Chuang Lin, Jin-Zhong Yu, and Qi-Ming Wang, "Blue-Violet Lasing of Optically Pumped GaN-Based Vertical Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser With Dielectric Distributed Bragg Reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 55-59 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-27-1-55


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, N. Iwasa, S. Nagahama, "High-brightness InGaN blue, green and yellow light-emitting diodes with quantum well structures," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L797-L799 (1995).
  2. S. Nakamura, "The roles of structural imperfections in InGaN-based blue light-emitting diodes and laser diodes," Science 281, 956-961 (1998).
  3. T. Someya, R. Werner, A. Forchel, M. Catalano, R. Cingolani, Y. Arakawa, "Room temperature lasing at blue wavelengths in gallium nitride microcavities," Science 285, 1905-1906 (1999).
  4. T. Tawara, H. Gotoh, T. Akasaka, N. Kobayashi, T. Saitoh, "Low-threshold lasing of InGaN vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dielectric distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 830-832 (2003).
  5. Y.-K. Song, H. Zhou, M. Diagne, A. V. Nurmikko, R. P. Schneider, Jr.C. P. Kuo, M. R. Krames, R. S. Kern, C. Carter-Coman, F. A. Kish, "A quasicontinuous wave, optically pumped violet vertical cavity surface emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1662-1664 (2000).
  6. J. T. Chu, T. C. Lu, H. H. Yao, C. C. Kao, W. D. Liang, J. Y. Tsai, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, "Room-temperature operation of optically pumped blue-violet GaN-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by laser lift-off," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 2556-2560 (2006).
  7. C. C. Kao, Y. C. Peng, H. H. Yao, J. Y. Tsai, Y. H. Chang, J. T. Chu, H. W. Huang, T. T. Kao, T. C. Lu, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, "Fabrication and performance of blue GaN-based vertical-cavity surface emitting laser employing AlN/GaN and Ta$_{2}$O$_{5}$/SiO$_{2}$ distributed Bragg reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081105 (2005).
  8. E. Feltin, G. Christmann, J. Dorsaz, A. Castiglia, J.-F. Carlin, R. Butté, N. Grandjean, S. Christopoulos, G. Baldassarri, H. von Högersthal, A. J. D. Grundy, P. G. Lagoudakis, J. J. Baumberg, "Blue lasing at room temperature in an optically pumped lattice-matched AlInN/GaN VCSEL structure," Electron. Lett. 43, 1777-1778 (2007).
  9. H. Matsubara, S. Yoshimoto, H. Saito, J. L. Yue, Y. Tanaka, S. Noda, "GaN photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser at blue-violet wavelengths," Science 319, 445-447 (2008).
  10. H. Zhou, M. Diagne, E. Makarona, A. V. Nurmikko, J. Han, K. E. Waldrip, J. J. Figiel, "Near ultraviolet optically pumped vertical cavity laser," Electron. Lett. 36, 1777-1779 (2000).
  11. G. Björk, Y. Yamamoto, "Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386-2396 (1991).
  12. R. J. Horowicz, H. Heitmann, Y. Kadota, Y. Yamamoto, "GaAs microcavity quantum-well laser with enhanced coupling of spontaneous emission to the lasing mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 393-395 (1992).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited