OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 2009
  • pp: 1402–1407

Bend-Free Optical Power Transfer Using Photonic Crystal Waveguide Arrays

Hamza Kurt

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 10, pp. 1402-1407 (2009)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (562 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We report the study of 2-D photonic-crystal waveguide arrays (PCWA) composed of N identical waveguides coupled evanescently with each other. The coupling properties of the waveguide modes are investigated using coupled-mode theory and finite-difference time domain method. One straightforward application of such an analysis is to route input power from a central waveguide to side waveguides. As a result, appropriate designs of PCWAs may permit the realization of efficient, compact and novel devices. For instance, we show that power dividers, switchers, and Mach–Zehnder interferometers can be feasible using N=3 channels. On the other hand, N=5 waveguides can divide the input power by 1/4 at a distance of approximately 37.2 µm. Waveguide bends and Y-type junctions are used heavily for power transfer but they are prone to scattering losses; hence, lowering the transmission efficiency. They can be eliminated by means of PCWAs in the design of optical power distribution through photonic circuits.

© 2009 IEEE

Citation
Hamza Kurt, "Bend-Free Optical Power Transfer Using Photonic Crystal Waveguide Arrays," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 1402-1407 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-27-10-1402


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. Somekh, E. Garmire, A. Yariv, H. L. Garvin, R. G. Hunsperger, "Channel optical waveguide directional couplers," App. Phys. Lett. 22, 46-47 (1973).
  2. E. Kapon, J. Katz, A. Yariv, "Supermode analysis of phase-locked arrays of semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 9, 125-127 (1984).
  3. R. V. Schmidt, H. Kogelnik, "Electro-optically switched coupler with stepped Delta $\beta$ reversal using Ti-diffused ${\rm LiNbO}_{3}$ waveguides," App. Phys. Lett. 28, 503-506 (1976).
  4. H. Haus, L. Molter-Orr, "Coupled multiple waveguide systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 840-844 (1983).
  5. A. Kaplan, S. Ruschin, "Optical switching and power control in ${\rm LiNbO}_{3}$ coupled waveguide arrays," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1562-1573 (2001).
  6. C. Elachi, C. Yeh, "Distribution networks and electrically controllable couplers for integrated optics," Appl. Opt. 13, 1372-1375 (1974).
  7. M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," IEE Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
  8. U. Peschel, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, "Optical Bloch oscillations in waveguide arrays," Opt. Lett. 23, 1701-1703 (1998).
  9. H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A: R. Boyd, J. S. Aitchison, "Discrete spatial optical solitons in waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383-3386 (1998).
  10. D. Christodoulides, R. Joseph, "Discrete self-focusing in nonlinear arrays of coupled waveguides," Opt. Lett. 13, 794-796 (1998).
  11. T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Brauer, F. Lederer, "Anomalous refraction and diffraction in discrete optical systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002).
  12. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
  13. S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
  14. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Univ. Press, 1995).
  15. H. Kurt, D. S. Citrin, "Photonic-crystal heterostructure waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 78-84 (2007).
  16. S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
  17. M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, P. I. Borel, "Efficient photonic crystal directional couplers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1525-1527 (2003).
  18. A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, J. Marti, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
  19. A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, D. Modotto, C. De Angelis, "Discrete negative refraction in photonic crystal waveguide arrays," Opt. Lett. 31, 1343-1345 (2006).
  20. A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, D. Modotto, C. De Angelis, "Diffraction engineering in arrays of photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 2894-2896 (2005).
  21. A. Locatelli, M. Conforti, D. Modotto, C. De Angelis, "Imaging properties of multimode photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide arrays," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 402-409 (2007).
  22. I. Park, H. -S. Lee, H. -J. Kim, K. -M. Moon, S. -G. Lee, B. -H. O, S. -G. Park, E. -H. Lee, "Photonic crystal power-splitter based on directional coupling," Opt. Exp. 12, 3599-3604 (2004).
  23. S. Kuchinsky, V. Y. Golyatin, A. Y. Kutikov, T. P. Pearsall, D. Nedeljkovic, "Coupling between photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1349-1352 (2002).
  24. H. Kurt, D. S. Citrin, "Annular photonic crystals," Opt. Exp. 13, 10316-10326 (2005).
  25. H. Kogelnik, C. V. Shank, "Coupled wave theory of distributed feedback lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2327-2335 (1972).
  26. A. Hardy, W. Streifer, "Coupled mode theory of parallel waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 1135-1146 (1985).
  27. S. G. Johnson, P. Bienstman, M. A. Skorobogatiy, M. Ibanescu, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Adiabatic theorem and continuous coupled-mode theory for efficient taper transitions in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 66, 066608 (1)-(15) (2002).
  28. T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Numerical study of the implications of size nonuniformities in the performance of photonic crystal couplers using coupled mode theory," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 863-871 (2005).
  29. A. Theocharidis, T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Accuracy of coupled-mode theory and mode-matching method in the analysis of photonic crystal waveguide perturbations," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3193-3201 (2007).
  30. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics – The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, 2000).
  31. M. Plihal, A. A. Maradudin, "Photonic band structure of 2-D systems: The triangular lattice," Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565-8571 (1991).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited