OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2449–2456

Numerical Investigation of Ultrashort Complex Pulse Generation Based on Pulse Shaping Using a Superstructure Fiber Bragg Grating

Qing Ye, Rui Huang, Qinfeng Xu, Haiwen Cai, Ronghui Qu, and Zujie Fang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 13, pp. 2449-2456 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (847 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


A technique for ultrashort complex pulse generation based on the pulse shaping of superstructure fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG) is presented. We apply this technique to illuminate the mutual transformation between Gaussian pulse and soliton pulse, generations of double optical pulse and complex millimeter wave (MMW) pulse by phase and amplitude profiling of 1-ps transform-limited pulse. The designed principle of grating is demonstrated; the corresponding refractive index distribution, the reflection spectrum and the characteristics of pulse transmission are also simulated. The results of this study indicate that this design method is very flexible for complex pulse generations. Finally, some potential applications for these complex pulses in the areas of ultrafast photonics, optical measurement, novel devices for optical communication system and so on are also listed and discussed.

© 2009 IEEE

Qing Ye, Rui Huang, Qinfeng Xu, Haiwen Cai, Ronghui Qu, and Zujie Fang, "Numerical Investigation of Ultrashort Complex Pulse Generation Based on Pulse Shaping Using a Superstructure Fiber Bragg Grating," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2449-2456 (2009)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).
  2. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).
  3. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response," Electron. Lett. 34, 800-802 (1998).
  4. F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. J. Eggleton, "Broadband and DWDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).
  5. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, I. Skinner, "Efficient mode conversion in telecommunication fiber using externally written gratings," Electron. Lett. 26, 1270-1272 (1990).
  6. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 746-752 (May 2001).
  7. J. Azaña, L. R. Chen, "Synthesis of temporal optical waveforms by fiber Bragg gratings: A new approach based on space-to-frequency-to-time mapping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 19, 2758-2769 (2002).
  8. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (Aug. 1997).
  9. L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, J. E. Sipe, "Ultrashort pulse reflection from fiber gratings: A numerical investigation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1503-1512 (Aug. 1997).
  10. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989).
  11. L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. S. J. Russell, D. N. Payne, "Singe-pulse Bragg gratings written during fiber drawing," Electron. Lett. 29, 1577-1578 (1993).
  12. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by UV exposure through a phasemask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1045-1047 (1993).
  13. T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (Aug. 1997).
  14. J. Skaar, K. M. Risvik, "A genetic algorithm for the inverse problem in synthesis of fiber gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1928-1932 (Oct. 1998).
  15. K. A. Winick, J. E. Roman, "Design of corrugated waveguide filters by Fourier transform techniques," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 26, 1918-1929 (1990).
  16. H. Harada, K. Sato, M. Fujise, "A radio-on-fiber based millimeter-wave road-vehicle communication system by a code division multiplexing radio transmission scheme," IEEE Trans. Intell. Transp. Syst. 2, 165-179 (2001).
  17. O. Levinson, M. Horowitz, "Generation of complex microwave and millimeter-wave pulses using dispersion and Kerr effect in optical fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1179-1187 (May 2003).
  18. Q. Ye, F. Liu, R. Qu, Z. Fang, "Generation of millimeter-wave in optical pulse carrier by using an apodize moiré fiber grating," Opt. Commun. 266, 532-535 (2006).
  19. B. J. Eggleton, C. M. de Sterke, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 2980-2993 (1997).
  20. N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, R. I. Laming, "Optical pulse compression in fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4566-4569 (1997).
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Third Edition) & Applications of Nolinear Fiber Optics (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2002).
  22. J. Wang, H. Lin, Z. Sui, M. Li, "Temporal pulse shaping by chirped pulse stacking in fiber time delay lines," Proc. SPIE (2006) pp. 62870G.
  23. S. C. Burkhart, F. A. Penko, “Temporal pulse shaping of fiber optic laser beams,” UCRL-LR-105821-96-2 (1996) pp. 75-81.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited