The propagation and switching of short pulses in an active two-core fiber nonlinear directional coupler have been investigated theoretically by using the split-step Fourier method. The analysis highlights the effects of the second-order coupling coefficient dispersion, the linear gain coefficient, and the finite-gain bandwidth on the switching and propagation of short pulses. The research indicates that the linear gain can sharpen the switching characteristic and reduce considerably the switching threshold power, as well as significantly increase the switching efficiency with the influences of the second-order coupling coefficient dispersion. However, both the second-order coupling coefficient dispersion and the finite-gain bandwidth degrade the switching characteristics. In addition, the finite-gain bandwidth of linear gain not only suppresses significantly the pulse compression and amplification caused by the linear gain coefficient, but also suppresses effectively the frequent pulse fluctuation on pulse propagation induced by the second-order coupling coefficient dispersion; consequently, as in the case of the passive fiber coupler, optical pulses tend to restore periodical coupling propagation in active two-core fiber coupler.
© 2009 US
Qiliang Li, Yuyong Xie, Yinfang Zhu, Yongmin Qi, and Zhijing Zhao, "Effects of Second-Order Coupling Coefficient Dispersion on Short-Pulse Propagation and Switching in an Active Two-Core Nonlinear Fiber Coupler," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2933-2940 (2009)