The mode theory of the strongly anisotropic $a$ axis step-index single-crystal fiber is studied in this paper. The electromagnetic field equations of the $a$ axis step-index single-crystal fiber are solved under the strongly anisotropic condition, and the transverse electric field components are obtained. The dispersion equations far from cutoff, near cutoff, and in the guided mode region are discussed, respectively. Numerical results of the $m$th-order elementary modes are presented for the strongly anisotropic $a$ axis step-index single-crystal fiber.
© 2009 IEEE
Jiangbo Xin, Zhongxiang Zhou, Yanwei Du, and Dewei Gong, "Mode Characteristics of the Strongly Anisotropic $a$-Axis Single-Crystal Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2989-2999 (2009)