OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 2009
  • pp: 3189–3193

Improvement in the Phase Noise of a 10 GHz Optoelectronic Oscillator Using All-Photonic Gain

Preetpaul S. Devgan, Vincent J. Urick, John F. Diehl, and Keith J. Williams

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 15, pp. 3189-3193 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (636 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We have investigated the improvement in the phase noise of a 10 GHz optoelectronic oscillator using all-photonic gain as compared to using an electronic amplifier in the cavity. The optoelectronic oscillator achieves the necessary RF gain for oscillation by using the carrier-suppression technique of a low-biased Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) followed by optical amplification. The measured RF gain due to this all-photonic technique is as high as 15 dB and matches well with theoretical predictions. The phase noise of the generated 10 GHz signal is at least 10 dB lower than the signal from the same oscillator using an electronic amplifier. The improvement in the phase noise is due to the lower RF noise figure of the all-photonic gain process as compared to the electronic amplifier configuration.

© 2009 IEEE

Preetpaul S. Devgan, Vincent J. Urick, John F. Diehl, and Keith J. Williams, "Improvement in the Phase Noise of a 10 GHz Optoelectronic Oscillator Using All-Photonic Gain," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3189-3193 (2009)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. Vig, "Military applications of high-accuracy frequency standards and clocks," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 40, 522-527 (1993).
  2. X. S. Yao, RF Photonic Technology in Optical Fiber Links (Cambridge University Press, 2002).
  3. X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).
  4. J. Lasri, A. Bilenca, D. Dahan, V. Sidorov, G. Eisenstein, D. Ritter, K. Yvind, "A self-starting hybrid optoelectronic oscillator generating ultra low jitter 10-GHz optical pulses and low phase noise electrical signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1004-1006 (2002).
  5. P. Devgan, V. Urick, J. McKinney, K. Williams, "A low-jitter master-slave optoelectronic oscillator employing all-photonic gain," Proc. IEEE Int'l. Meet. Microw. Photon. (2007) pp. 70-73.
  6. M. Shin, P. S. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, X. D. Chung, J. Kim, "Low phase-noise 40 GHz optical pulses from a self-starting electroabsorption-modulator-based optoelectronic oscillator," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2006).
  7. P. Devgan, D. Serkland, G. Keeler, K. Geib, P. Kumar, "An optoelectronic oscillator using an 850-nm VCSEL for generating low jitter optical pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 685-687 (2006).
  8. Y. Ji, X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, "Compact optoelectronic oscillator with ultra-low phase noise performance," Electron. Lett. 35, 1554-1555 (1999).
  9. J. Lasri, P. Devgan, R. Tang, P. Kumar, "Self-starting optoelectronic oscillator for generating ultra-low-jitter high-rate (10 GHz or higher) optical pulses," Opt. Exp. 11, 1430-1435 (2003).
  10. S. Romisch, J. Kitching, E. Ferrh-Pikal, L. Hollberg, F. L. Walls, "Performance evaluation of an optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 47, 1159-1165 (2000).
  11. E. Salik, N. Yu, L. Maleki, "An ultralow phase noise coupled optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 444-446 (2007).
  12. C. W. Nelson, A. Hati, D. A. Howe, W. Zhou, "Microwave optoelectronic oscillator with optical gain," Proc. IEEE Frequency Control Symp. (2007) pp. 1014-1019.
  13. M. L. Farwell, W. S. C. Chang, D. R. Huber, "Increased linear dynamic range by low biasing the Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 779-782 (1993).
  14. V. J. Urick, M. S. Rogge, F. Bucholtz, K. J. Williams, "Wideband (0.045–6.25 GHz) 40 km analogue fibre-optic link with ultrahigh ($ > {40}\,{\hbox {dB}}$) all-photonic gain," Electron. Lett. 42, 552-553 (2006).
  15. M. M. Sisto, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "Gain optimization by modulator-bias control in radio-over-fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4974-4982 (2006).
  16. V. Urick, M. Godinez, P. Devgan, J. McKinney, F. Bucholtz, "Analysis of an analog fiber-optic link employing a low-biased Mach–Zehnder modulator followed by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2013 -2019 (2009).
  17. V. J. Urick, M. S. Rogge, F. Bucholtz, K. J. Williams, "The performance of analog photonic links employing highly compressed erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3141-3145 (2006).
  18. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, (2007).
  19. K. M. Hudek, A. Hati, D. A. Howe, C. W. Nelson, W. Zhou, "Further examination of the injection-locked dual optoelectronic oscillator," Proc. IEEE Frequency Control Symp. (2007) pp. 796-800.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited