Starting from a model of random nonlinear polarization rotations for the effect of cross-polarization modulation in DWDM systems, we derive the mean distribution of the time-dependent polarization states at an arbitrary location within an optical link. We show that this distribution is fully parameterized by the degree of polarization of the particular wavelength channel, and we derive expressions to approximate this parameter for general optical links consisting of multiple optically amplified and dispersion-compensated spans, as well as related power thresholds. From the analytical expressions we derive a method to significantly reduce the detrimental effects.
© 2009 IEEE
Marcus Winter, Christian-Alexander Bunge, Dario Setti, and Klaus Petermann, "A Statistical Treatment of Cross-Polarization Modulation in DWDM Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3739-3751 (2009)