OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 2009
  • pp: 3896–3903

Analysis of Scalability and Performance in Passive Optical CDMA Networks

M. Massoud Karbassian and Hooshang Ghafouri-Shiraz

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 17, pp. 3896-3903 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (649 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


This paper proposes a novel architecture for coherent optical code-division multiple-access passive optical networks (OCDMA-PON). As optical spreading sequences, a recently introduced prime code family hereby referred to as double-padded modified prime code (DPMPC) has been employed and analyzed. The transceivers operate under homodyne dual-balanced detection scheme. For coherent modulation, binary phase-shift keying is employed where the phase is modulated by Mach–Zehnder external phase-modulator. The proposed architecture for optical network units and line terminals are also presented and analyzed. The network scalability of fiber link distances as well as bit-error rate, considering 1) fiber link noise e.g., amplifier spontaneous emission noise; 2) thermal noise; 3) photo-detectors' shot-noise; 4) relative intensity noise; and 5) mainly multiple-access interference, have been investigated. The results have indicated that this architecture can improve the network scalability, capacity and transmission performance, leading to the promising scheme for optical transport networks.

© 2009 IEEE

M. Massoud Karbassian and Hooshang Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Analysis of Scalability and Performance in Passive Optical CDMA Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3896-3903 (2009)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Network (McGraw Hill, 2005).
  2. C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality of service over Ethernet PON," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).
  3. K. Iwatsuki, J. I. Kani, H. Suzuki, "Access and metro metworks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).
  4. F. Yamamoto, T. Sugie, "Reduction of optical beat interference in passive optical networks using CDMA technique," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1710-1712 (2000).
  5. B. Ahn, Y. Park, "A symmetric-structure CDMA-PON system and its implementation," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1381-1383 (2002).
  6. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Phase-modulations analyses in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network using a novel prime code family," Proc. WCE (ICEEE) (2007) pp. 358-362.
  7. M. M. Karbassian, F. Liu, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of novel prime code family in coherent optical CDMA network," Proc. IEEE ChinaCom (2007) pp. 393-396.
  8. Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, A. E. Weiner, "Experimental investigation of security issues in OCDMA," Proc. OFC (2006).
  9. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Fresh prime codes evaluation for synchronous PPM and OPPM signaling for optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1422-1430 (2007).
  10. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Capacity enhancement in synchronous optical overlapping PPM-CDMA network by a novel spreading code," Proc. GlobeCom (2007) pp. 2407-2411.
  11. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Performance analysis of heterodyne detected coherent optical CDMA using a novel prime code family," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3028-3034 (2007).
  12. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Study of phase modulations with dual-balanced detection in coherent homodyne optical CDMA network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2840-2847 (2008).
  13. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Evaluation of coherent homodyne and heterodyne optical CDMA structures," J. Optical and Quantum Electronics 40, 513-524 (2008).
  14. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Frequency-shift keying optical code-division multiple-access system with novel interference cancellation," J. Microw. & Opt. Technol. Letteres 50, 883-885 (2008).
  15. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Novel channel interference reduction in optical synchronous FSK-CDMA networks using a data-free reference," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 977-985 (2008).
  16. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Novel PolSK-OCDMA transceiver architecture," Proc. WCE (ICEEE) (2008) pp. 411-415.
  17. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Transceiver architecture for incoherent optical CDMA networks based on polarization modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3820-3828 (2008).
  18. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "Incoherent two-dimensional array modulation transceiver for photonic CDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 980-988 (2009).
  19. K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzuwa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, K. I. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of performance improvement of 127-chip SSFBG en/decoder using apodization technique," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192-2194 (2004).
  20. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, K. Kitayama, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, F. Kubata, "High-performance optical code generation and recognition by use of a 511-chip, 640-Gchip/s phase-shifted superstructured fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 30, 335-337 (2005).
  21. R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. Ben Yoo, "Demonstration of an error-free 4$\,\times\,$10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS OCDMA network testbed," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186-2188 (2004).
  22. J. Schröder, S. Coen, F. Vanholsbeeck, T. Sylvestre, "Passively mode-locked raman fiber laser with 100 GHz repetition rate," Opt. Lett. 31, 3489-3491 (2006).
  23. J. F. Lemieux, A. Bellemare, C. Latrasse, M. Tetu, "Step-tunable (100 GHz) hybrid laser based on Vernier effect between Fabry–Perot cavity and sampled fibre Bragg grating," Eletron. Lett. 35, 904-906 (1999).
  24. P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, Y. Painchaud, "100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: from laboratory experiments to field trials," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3388-3402 (2008).
  25. A. E. Willner, "Continuously-tunable optical delay lines for reconfigurable switching and processing," Proc. IEEE Photon. Switching (2007) pp. 45-46.
  26. M. A. A. Mohammed, H. M. H. Shalaby, E. A. El-Badawy, "On optical CDMA MAC protocols," Proc. IEEE ISCAS (2006).
  27. P. Kamath, J. D. Touch, J. A. Bannister, "The need for medium access control in optical CDMA networks," Proc. IEEE InfoCom (2004).
  28. M. M. Karbassian, H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, "IP routing and traffic analysis in coherent optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1262-1268 (2009).
  29. W. Huang, I. Andonovic, M. Tur, "Decision-directed PLL for coherent optical pulse CDMA system in the presence of multiuser interference, laser phase noise, and shot noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1786-1794 (1998).
  30. C. Zhang, K. Qui, B. Xu, "Investigation on performance of passive optical network based on OCDMA," Proc. IEEE ICCCS (2006).
  31. C. Zhang, K. Qui, B. Xu, "Passive optical network based on optical CDMA: Design and system analysis," Chinese Science Bulletin 52, 118-126 (2007).
  32. X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
  33. F. Ayadi, L. A. Rusch, "Coherent optical CDMA with limited phase excursion," Commun. Lett. 1, 28-30 (1997).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited