OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 17 — Sep. 1, 2009
  • pp: 3904–3911

Reduction of Propagation Loss in Pillar-Based Photonic Crystal Waveguides

Abigaël A. M. Kok, Jos J. G. M. van der Tol, Roel Baets, and Meint K. Smit

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 17, pp. 3904-3911 (2009)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1261 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Out-of-plane losses are the major issue in the integration of two-dimensional photonic crystal devices in photonic integrated circuits. In this paper, we show that the out-of-plane losses of pillar-based photonic crystal waveguides can be vastly reduced, even for pillars with a low vertical index contrast, such as in InP/InGaAsP/InP technology. These low losses are obtained by creating confinement between the pillars with a polymer layer stack. We show that the spatial frequency component of the Bloch mode in the first Brillouin zone (i.e., the component inside the light cone), is significantly suppressed by the optimized polymer layer stack.

© 2009 IEEE

Citation
Abigaël A. M. Kok, Jos J. G. M. van der Tol, Roel Baets, and Meint K. Smit, "Reduction of Propagation Loss in Pillar-Based Photonic Crystal Waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3904-3911 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-27-17-3904


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
  2. H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
  3. H. T. Hattori, I. McKerracher, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, R. D. L. Rue, "In-plane coupling of light from InP-based photonic crystal band-edge lasers into single-mode waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 279-286 (2007).
  4. V. Zabelin, L. Dunbar, N. L. Thomas, R. Houdré, M. Kotlyar, L. O'Faolain, T. F. Krauss, "Self-collimating photonic crystal polarization beam splitter," Opt. Lett. 32, 530-532 (2007).
  5. L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, T. F. Krauss, "Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 915-918 (2002).
  6. H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, M.-K. Seo, Y.-G. Ju, S.-B. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of electrically driven two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1131-1141 (2005).
  7. R. van der Heijden, C. Carlström, J. Snijders, R. van der Heijden, F. Karouta, R. Nötzel, H. Salemink, B. Kjellander, C. Bastiaansen, D. Broer, E. van der Drift, "InP based two-dimensional photonic crystals filled with polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) 161112.
  8. Photon DesignCrystalWave. http://www.photond.com.
  9. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Univ. Press, 1995).
  10. J. Čtyroký, "Photonic band gap structures in planar waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 435-441 (2001).
  11. W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, D. de Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
  12. P. Bienstman, CAMFR. http://camfr.sourceforge.net.
  13. W. Kuang, W. J. Kim, A. Mock, J. O'Brien, "Propagation loss of line-defect photonic crystal slab waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1183-1195 (2006).
  14. A. Kok, E. Geluk, B. Docter, J. van der Tol, R. Nötzel, M. Smit, R. Baets, "Transmission of pillar-based photonic crystal waveguides in InP technology," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, (2007) 201109.
  15. A. Kok, E. Geluk, M. Sander-Jochem, J. van der Tol, Y. Oei, M. Smit, "Two-dimensional photonic crystals based on InP rods," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Symp. (Benelux Chapter) (2005) pp. 273-276.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited