OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 27, Iss. 20 — Oct. 15, 2009
  • pp: 4508–4515

Relay-Assisted Quantum-Key Distribution Over Long Atmospheric Channels

Majid Safari and Murat Uysal

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 20, pp. 4508-4515 (2009)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (730 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate a terrestrial relay-assisted scheme for a free-space quantum key distribution (QKD) system based on BB84 protocol. We consider the deployment of passive relays which simply redirect the qubits to the next relay node or to the receiver without performing any measurement or detection process. Based on a near-field analysis, we derive an upper bound on quantum bit error rate (QBER) of the relay-assisted QKD system. Our results demonstrate that the relay-assisted scheme is able to outperform point-to-point direct transmission for long link ranges in which turbulence effects are particularly degrading.

© 2009 IEEE

Citation
Majid Safari and Murat Uysal, "Relay-Assisted Quantum-Key Distribution Over Long Atmospheric Channels," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4508-4515 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-27-20-4508


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. Van Assche, Quantum Cryptography and Secret-Key Distillation (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006).
  2. C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Syst. Signal Process. (1984) pp. 175-179.
  3. A. K. Ekert, "Quantum cryptography based on Bell's theorem," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661-663 (1991).
  4. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-145 (2002).
  5. D. Kedar, S. Arnon, "Urban optical wireless communication networks: The main challenges and possible solutions," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, s2-s7 (2004).
  6. T. A. Tsiftsis, H. G. Sandalidis, G. K. Karagiannidis, N. C. Sagias, "Multihop free-space optical communications over strong turbulence channels," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. 2006 (ICC'06) (2006) pp. 2755-2759.
  7. G. K. Karagiannidis, T. A. Tsiftsis, H. G. Sandalidis, "Outage probability of relayed free space optical communication systems," Electron. Lett. 42, 994-995 (2006).
  8. M. Safari, M. Uysal, "Relay-assisted free-space optical communication," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 7, 5441-5449 (2008).
  9. J. H. Shapiro, "Near-field turbulence effects on quantum-key distribution," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022309-022309 (2003).
  10. M. Gabbi, S. Arnon, "Quantum key distribution by free space MIMO system," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3114-3140 (2006).
  11. G. Gilbert, M. Hamrick, “Practical quantum cryptography: A comprehensive analysis (Part One),” MITRE Tech. Rep. (2000) preprint quant-ph/0009027.
  12. R. J. Hughes, J. E. Nordholt, D. Derkacs, C. G. Peterson, "Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10 km in daylight and at night," New J. Phys. 4, 43-43 (2002).
  13. M. Gabby, S. Arnon, "The effect of turbulence on a quantum-key distribution scheme based on transformation from the polarization to the time domain: Laboratory experiment," Opt. Eng. 44, 045002-10-045002-6 (2005).
  14. K. J. Resch, M. Lindenthal, B. Blauensteiner, H. R. Böhm, A. Fedrizzi, C. Kurtsiefer, A. Poppe, T. Schmitt-Manderbach, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, H. Weier, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, "Distributing entanglement and single photons through an intra-city, free-space quantum channel," Opt. Exp. 13, 202-209 (2005).
  15. H. J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: The role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
  16. B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307-052307 (2002).
  17. C. Elliot, "Building the quantum network," New J. Phys. 4, 46.1-46.12 (2002).
  18. H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, A. Pasquinucci, “Quantum key distribution with trusted quantum relay,” (2005) eprint quant-ph /0505089.
  19. R. J. Hughes, W. T. Buttler, P. G. Kwiat, S. K. Lamoreaux, G. L. Morgan, J. E. Nordholt, C. G. Peterson, "Free-space quantum key distribution in daylight," J. Mod. Opt. 47, 549-562 (2000).
  20. M. Aspelmeyer, T. Jennewein, M. Pfenningbauer, W. R. Leeb, A. Zeilinger, "Long-distance quantum communication with entangled photons using satellites," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1541-1551 (2003).
  21. J. W. Hardy, J. E. Lefebvre, C. L. Koliopoulos, "Real-time atmospheric compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 67, 360-369 (1976).
  22. J. R. P. Angel, "Ground-based imaging of extrasolar planets using adaptive optics," Nature 368, 203-207 (1994).
  23. B. M. Levine, E. A. Martinsen, A. Wirth, A. Jankevics, M. Toledo-Quinones, F. Landers, T. L. Bruno, "Horizontal line-of-sight turbulence over near-ground paths and implications for adaptive optics corrections in laser communications," Appl. Opt. 37, 4553-4560 (1998).
  24. P. Nisenson, R. Barakat, "Partial atmospheric correction with adaptive optics," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 4, 2249-2253 (1987).
  25. M. C. Roggemann, "Limited degree-of-freedom adaptive optics and image reconstruction," Appl. Opt. 30, 4227-4233 (1991).
  26. L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation With Applications (SPIE Press, 2001).
  27. J. H. Shapiro, "Normal-mode approach to wave propagation in the turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 13, 2614-2614 (1974).
  28. D. Slepian, "Analytic solution of two apodization problems," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 1110-1115 (1965).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited