OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 27, Iss. 21 — Nov. 1, 2009
  • pp: 4660–4666

Analysis of an MMI-Based Six-Port Circulator by Using 3-D Magneto-Optical Beam Propagation Method

Haifeng Zhou, Xiaoqing Jiang, Yiling Sun, Jianyi Yang, and Minghua Wang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, Issue 21, pp. 4660-4666 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1458 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


An MMI-based six-port circulator is analyzed by 3-D magneto-optical (MO) beam propagation method (BPM). Since opposite nonreciprocal $4\pi/3$-phase shifts are introduced into the two sided interferometric arms of 3$\,\times\,$3 mirror-image MMI coupler, light travels through this device in a nonreciprocal fashion and obeys the sequential order. After using the Ce:YIG/SOI bonding waveguide to construct the proposed circulator, the 3-D MO BPM formula are validated for the first time to simulate nonreciprocal device with external magnetization perpendicular to the light propagation direction. Simulation shows that this device features in easy fabrication, good operation bandwidth, ability to reduce the port count number.

© 2009 IEEE

Haifeng Zhou, Xiaoqing Jiang, Yiling Sun, Jianyi Yang, and Minghua Wang, "Analysis of an MMI-Based Six-Port Circulator by Using 3-D Magneto-Optical Beam Propagation Method," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4660-4666 (2009)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. K. Jungho, B. Lee, "Bidirectional wavelength add-drop multiplexer using multi-port optical circulators and fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 561-563 (2000).
  2. J.-M. P Delavaux, K. Ogawa, Optical circulator for dispersion compensation U.S. Patent 5404413A (1995).
  3. M. Levy, "The on-chip integration of magneto-optic waveguide isolators," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 1300-1306 (2002).
  4. T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, R. J. Ram, "Proposal for a polarization-independent integrated optical circulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1359-1361 (2006).
  5. L. B. Soldano, E. C. M. Pennings, "Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: Principles and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 615-627 (1995).
  6. H. Zhou, X. Jang, J. Yang, M. Wang, "Analysis on multimode interference coupler-based 1$\,\times\,$3 optical switch with mono-compound modulation region," Acta Optica Sinica 27, 1691-1694 (2007).
  7. M. Shamonin, P. Hertel, "Analysis of nonreciprocal mode propagation in magneto-optic rib-waveguide structures with the spectral-index method," Appl. Opt. 33, 6415-6421 (1994).
  8. O. Zhuromskyy, Simulation of Magneto-Optical Devices Doctoral dissertation Universität OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany (2000).
  9. T. Shintaku, T. Uno, M. Kobayashi, "Magneto-optic channel waveguide in Ce-substituted yttrium iron garnet," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 4877-4881 (1993).
  10. A. Erdmann, P. Hertel, "Beam propagation in magnetoptic waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1510-1516 (1995).
  11. K. Xie, A. D. Boardman, M. Xie, Y. J. Yang, H. M. Jiang, H. J. Yang, G. J. Wen, J. Li, K. Chen, F. S. Chen, "Simulation of longitudinally magnetized three-dimensional magneto-optical devices by a full-vectorial beam propagation method," Opt. Commun. 281, 3275-3285 (2008).
  12. L. D. S. Alcantara, F. L. Teixeira, A. c. C. Cesar, B. H. V. Borges, "A new full-vectorial FD-BPM scheme: Application to the analysis of magnetooptic and nonlinear saturable media," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2579-2585 (2005).
  13. H. Zhou, Study on the Novel Silicon-Based Integrated Photonic Devices Chinese Doctoral dissertation Zhejiang UniversityChina (2009).
  14. G. R. Hadley, "Transparent boundary condition for beam propagation," Opt. Lett. 16, 624-626 (1991).
  15. R. L. Espinola, T. Izuhara, M. C. Tsai, R. M. Osgood, H. Dotsch, "Magneto-optical nonreciprocal phase shift in garnet/silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Lett. 29, 941-943 (2004).
  16. Y. Shoji, "Magneto-optical isolator with silicon waveguides fabricated by direct bonding," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
  17. Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, "Wideband design of nonreciprocal phase shift magneto-optical isolators using phase adjustment in Mach-Zehnder interferometers," Appl. Opt. 45, 7144-7150 (2006).
  18. T. Sekijima, T. Fujii, K. Wakinao, M. Okada, "Optical faraday rotator using Ce-substituted fibrous YIG single crystal grown by floating-zone method with YAG laser heating," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 2294-2298 (1999).
  19. B. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, P. Yip, J. Lorenzo, Y.-Q. Li, Cherif, "Integration of magneto-optical garnet films by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition," IEEE. Trans. Magn. 38, 1564-1657 (2002).
  20. D. F. Edwards, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998) pp. 547-569.
  21. P. A. Besse, M. Bachmann, H. Melchior, L. B. Soldano, M. K. Smit, "Optical bandwidth and fabrication tolerances of multimode interference couplers," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1004-1009 (1994).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited