We propose an all-optical phase-interleaving technology based on dual-pump four-wave mixing (FWM) in highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). The proposed all-optical phase-interleaving technology is applied in an all-optical phase-multiplexing scheme to successfully phase-multiplex 2x or 3$\,\times\,$10-Gb/s DPSK-WDM signals to a 20- or 30-Gb/s DPSK in non-return-to-zero (NRZ) formats. The proposed all-optical phase multiplexing scheme is demonstrated using dual-pump FWM in highly nonlinear silica and bismuth fibers. In contrast with optical time-division multiplexing technology, the proposed all-optical phase-multiplexing technology does not require pulse-carving, thus offering a high spectral-efficiency. Differential precoder for each input tributary is operated independently, and no additional encoder or postcoder is required to recover the original data after demodulation on the receiver side.
© 2009 IEEE
Guo-Wei Lu, Kazi Sarwar Abedin, and Tetsuya Miyazaki, "Experimental Demonstrations of All-Optical Phase-Multiplexing Using FWM-Based Phase Interleaving in Silica and Bismuth-Oxide HNLFs," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 409-416 (2009)