OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 28, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 2010
  • pp: 2667–2673

Compound Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Structures as Intrinsic Magnetic Field Sensors

Philip Orr, Paweł Niewczas, Michael Stevenson, and John Canning

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 28, Issue 18, pp. 2667-2673 (2010)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (513 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We report on the simulation and characterisation of compound phase-shifted fiber Bragg structures for use as novel in-fiber magneto-optical point sensors. Through simulation we show that the Faraday rotation spectra of phase-shifted gratings can be tailored by tuning the ratio of substructure lengths. A design process for tailoring the magneto-optical spectrum is illustrated, and it is shown that a general optimum structure exists for producing a region of total reflection incorporating magneto-optical Faraday rotation that is enhanced both in strength and spectral width. A practical optical fiber system that exploits the proposed distributed feedback (DFB) structures to enable novel all-fiber sensors for the dual measurement of magnetic field strength and temperature is described in detail, and the sensor response is simulated. The study is supported by laboratory fabrication of the proposed fiber DFB structures which demonstrates the principle of enhancement in terms of tailored group delay spectra and highlights practical issues for sensor packaging.

© 2010 IEEE

Citation
Philip Orr, Paweł Niewczas, Michael Stevenson, and John Canning, "Compound Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Structures as Intrinsic Magnetic Field Sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2667-2673 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-28-18-2667


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. Niewczas, J. R. McDonald, "Advanced optical sensors for power and energy systems," IEEE Instrum. Meas. Mag. 10, 18-28 (2007).
  2. V. N. M. Passaro, F. Dell'Ollio, F. De Leonardis, "Electromagnetic field photonic sensors," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 45-73 (2006).
  3. M. Sedlar, V. Matejec, I. Paulicka, "Optical fiber magnetic field sensors using ceramic magnetostrictive jackets," Sens. Actuators A: Phys. 84, 297-302 (2000).
  4. G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, C. K. Kirkendall, "High-resolution distributed-feedback fiber laser dc magnetometer based on the lorentzian force," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, (2009).
  5. A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, "Fiber Bragg grating high-magnetic-field probe," Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors (1994) pp. 53-56.
  6. M. J. Steel, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, "Large magnetooptical kerr rotation from photonic bandgap structures with defects," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1289-1296 (2000).
  7. M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. A. Kotov, A. K. Zvezdin, "Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D optimization and applications for the integrated optics devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2156-2162 (2006).
  8. J. Canning, M. G. Sceats, "$\pi$-phase-shifted periodic distributed structures in germanosilicate fiber by UV post-processing," Electron. Lett. 30, 1344-1345 (1994).
  9. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, G. Edwall, "10 cm Yb3+ DFB fiber laser with permanent phase shifted grating," Electron. Lett. 31, 969-970 (1995).
  10. J. Canning, H. J. Deyerl, H. R. Sørensen, M. Kristensen, "Ultraviolet-induced birefringence in hydrogen-loaded optical fiber," J. Appl. Phys. 97, (2005).
  11. A. H. Rose, S. M. Etzel, C. M. Wang, "Verdet constant dispersion in annealed optical fiber current sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 803-807 (1997).
  12. P. A. Williams, A. H. Rose, G. W. Day, T. E. Milner, M. N. Deeter, "Temperature dependence of the verdet constant in several diamagnetic glasses," App. Optics 30, (1991).
  13. J. Ballato, E. Snitzer, "Fabrication of fibers with high rare-earth concentrations for faraday isolator applications," App. Opt. 34, 6848-6854 (1995).
  14. K. Bonhert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, H. Brändle, "Optical fiber sensors for the electric power industry," Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 511-526 (2005).
  15. M. Vallet, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, R. Le Naour, M. Oger, "The malus fabry-perot interferometer," Opt. Commun. 168, 423-443 (1999).
  16. M. Inoue, T. Fujii, "A theoretical analysis of magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659-5661 (1997).
  17. L. Wei, J. W. Y. Lit, "Phase-shifted Bragg grating filters with symmetrical structures," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1405-1410 (1997).
  18. R. Zengerle, O. Leminger, "Phase-shifted Bragg-grating filters with improved transmission characteristics," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 2354-2358 (1995).
  19. A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, "Wavelength dispersion of optical fibers directly measured by ‘difference method’ in the 0.8–1.6 $\mu$m range," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 50, (1979).
  20. M. D. Todd, M. Seaver, F. Bucholtz, "Improved, operationally-passive interferometric demodulation method using 3$\, \times \,$3 coupler," Elec. Lett. 38, 784-786 (2002).
  21. G. Fusiek, P. Niewczas, J. R. McDonald, "Extended step-out length fiber Bragg grating interrogation system for condition monitoring of electrical submersible pumps," Opt. Eng. 44, (2005).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited