OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 28, Iss. 18 — Sep. 15, 2010
  • pp: 2674–2680

Analysis of Graded-Index Hollow Optical Fibers and Its Application to Atomic Waveguide Design

Joong-Ho Pi, Kyu-Tae Lee, Dongwook Park, and Chang-Min Kim

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 28, Issue 18, pp. 2674-2680 (2010)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (791 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

This paper presents a scalar analysis of hollow optical fiber (HOF) with a graded-index (GRIN) profile by using the modified Airy functions. A full-vectorial analysis based on finite element method is performed as well to confirm the validity of the scalar analysis results. Based on the results obtained, GRIN HOF is shown to offer a much steeper field gradient and thus a significantly stronger repulsive optical force within the hollow region compared to a conventional step-index HOF, improving the atomic guiding efficiency.

© 2010 IEEE

Citation
Joong-Ho Pi, Kyu-Tae Lee, Dongwook Park, and Chang-Min Kim, "Analysis of Graded-Index Hollow Optical Fibers and Its Application to Atomic Waveguide Design," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2674-2680 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-28-18-2674


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. R. Chaudhuri, C. Lu, W. Xiaoyan, "Scalar model and exact vectorial description for the design analysis of hollow optical fiber components," Opt. Commun. 228, 285-293 (2003).
  2. S. Stagira, "Full vectorial analysis of cylindrical waveguides using Green functions," Opt. Commun. 225, 281-291 (2003).
  3. P. Lusse, K. Ramm, H.-G. Unger, J. Schule, "Comparison of a vectorial and new semivectorial finite-difference approach for optical waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 115-120 (1997).
  4. S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, S. L. Rolston, "Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: quantized atomic motion," Phys. Rev. A 50, 2680-2690 (1994).
  5. H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, M. Ohtsu, "Optical potential for atom guidance in a cylindrical-core hollow fiber," Opt. Commun. 115, 57-64 (1995).
  6. J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Jhe, "Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 25-33 (1998).
  7. R. E. Langer, "On the asymptotic solutions of ordinary differential equations, with an application to the Bessel functions of large order," Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 33, 23-64 (1931).
  8. S. Roy, A. K. Ghatak, I. C. Goyal, R. L. Gallawa, "Modified Airy function method for the analysis of tunneling problems in optical waveguides and quantum-well structures," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 340-345 (1993).
  9. M. S. Chung, C. M. Kim, "General eigenvalue equations for optical planar waveguides with arbitrarily graded-index profiles," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 878-885 (2000).
  10. M. S. Chung, C. M. Kim, "Analysis of optical fiber with graded-index profile by a combination of modified Airy functions and WKB solutions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2534-2541 (1999).
  11. M. A. Ol'Shanii, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, V. S. Letokhov, "Laser guiding of atoms in a hollow optical fiber," Opt. Commun. 98, 77-79 (1993).
  12. M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, E. A. Cornell, "Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. col. 5, 3253-3256 (1995).
  13. H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. I. Lee, W. Jhe, "Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500-4503 (1996).
  14. R. G. Dall, M. D. Hoogerland, D. Tierney, K. G. H. Baldwin, S. J. Buckman, "Single-mode hollow optical fibres for atom guiding," Appl. Phys. B. 74, 11-18 (2002).
  15. Z. Wang, M. Dai, J. Yin, "Atomic (or molecular) guiding using a blue-detuned doughnut mode in a hollow metallic waveguide," Opt. Exp. 13, 8406-8423 (2005).
  16. M. Key, I. G. Hughes, W. Rooijakkers, B. E. Sauer, E. A. Hinds, "Propagation of cold atoms along a miniature magnetic guide," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1371-1373 (2000).
  17. W. Berglund, A. Gopinath, "WKB analysis of bend losses in optical waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1161-1166 (2000).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited