OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 28, Iss. 20 — Oct. 15, 2010
  • pp: 2977–2983

Analysis of Leakage Losses in One-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Coupled Resonator Optical Waveguide Using 3-D Finite Element Method

Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, and Masanori Koshiba

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 28, Issue 20, pp. 2977-2983 (2010)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (787 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We have evaluated leakage losses of one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides (1-D PC-CROW) by using three-dimensional finite element method (3-D FEM). We propose structure of 1-D PC-CROW with shifted position of air-hole, changed size of air-hole, and changed air-hole depth. We have also proposed air-bridge 1-D PC-CROW and evaluated group velocity and leakage losses of these CROWs. Our numerical results show that 1-D PC-CROW has large leakage losses, especially for vertical direction, and the proposed structure can reduce leakage losses. Leakage loss of 1-D PC-CROW with changed air-hole depth is two order of magnitude lower compared with normal structure.

© 2010 IEEE

Citation
Yuki Kawaguchi, Kunimasa Saitoh, and Masanori Koshiba, "Analysis of Leakage Losses in One-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Coupled Resonator Optical Waveguide Using 3-D Finite Element Method," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2977-2983 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-28-20-2977


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sasaki, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi, M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet synchronizer using wavelength and space switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1360-1362 (2002).
  2. E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-$Q$ coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).
  3. A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, F. Morichetti, L. O'Faolain, T. F. Krauss, R. De La Rue, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, "Tunable delay lines in silicon photonics: Coupled resonators and photonic crystals, a comparison," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 181-194 (2010).
  4. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
  5. J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, E. Gamper, M. Dulk, S. Fischer, G. Guekos, H. Melchior, "All-optical Mach-Zender interferometer wavelength converters and switches with integrated data- and control-signal separation scheme," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1056-1066 (1999).
  6. J. Company, J. Cascon, D. Peter, B. Ortega, "Reconfigurable fiber-optic delay line filters incorporating electrooptic and electroabsorption modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1174-1176 (1999).
  7. N. Stefanou, A. Modinos, "Impurity bands in photonic insulators," Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127-12133 (1998).
  8. A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: A proposal and analysis," Opt. Lett. 24, 711-713 (1999).
  9. M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).
  10. S. Oliver, C. Smith, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. Krauss, R. Houdre, U. Oesterle, "Miniband transmission in a photonic crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Lett. 26, 1019-1021 (2001).
  11. S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, O. Wada, "Engineering photonic crystal impurity bands for waveguides, all-optical switches and optical delay lines," IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 181-189 (2002).
  12. S. Mookherjea, A. Yariv, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 448-456 (2002).
  13. T. J. Karle, D. H. Brown, R. Wilson, M. Steer, T. F. Krauss, "Planar photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 909-918 (2002).
  14. T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, T. F. Krauss, "Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 514-519 (2004).
  15. J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, "Designing coupled-resonator optical waveguide delay lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1665-1673 (2004).
  16. J. K. Poon, L. Zhu, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, "Transmission and group delay of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 31, 456-458 (2006).
  17. F. Xia, L. Sekaric, M. O'Boyle, Y. Vlasov, "Coupled resonator optical waveguides based on silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041122-041124 (2006).
  18. Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, "Propagaion and second-harmonic generation of electromagnetic waves in a coupled-resonator optical waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 17, 387-400 (2000).
  19. W. J. Kim, W. Kuang, J. O'Brien, "Dispersion characteristics of photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguides," Opt. Exp. 11, 3431-3437 (2003).
  20. M. L. Povinelli, S. Fan, "Radiation loss of coupled-resonator optical waveguides in photonic-crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191114-191116 (2006).
  21. Y. Sugimoto, S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, N. Ikeda, H. Ishikawa, K. Asakawa, "Design and fabrication of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides for optical delay lines," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1946-1948 (2002).
  22. S. Nishikawa, S. Lan, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, H. Ishikawa, K. Asakawa, "Optical characterization of photonic crystal delay lines based on one-dimensional coupled defects," Opt. Lett. 27, 2079-2081 (2002).
  23. P. Velha, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, J. Rodier, P. Lalanne, D. Peyrade, "Ultra-high Q/V-Fabry-Perot microcavity on SOI substrate," Opt. Exp. 15, 16090-16096 (2007).
  24. A. R. Md Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "High quality-factor 1-D-suspended photonic crystal/photonic wire silicon waveguide mico-cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1789-1791 (2009).
  25. A. Martinez, J. Garcia, P. Sanchis, F. C. Soto, J. Blasco, J. Marti, "Intrinsic losses of coupled-cavity waveguides in planar-photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 32, 635-637 (2007).
  26. Y. Kawaguchi, N. Kono, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3461-3467 (2008).
  27. N. Kono, M. Koshiba, "Three-dimensional finite element analysis of nonreciprocal phase shifts in magneto-photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 13, 9155-9166 (2005).
  28. O. Schenk, K. Gatrner, "Solving unsymmetric sparse systems of linear equations with PARDISO," J. Fut. Gen. Comput. Syst. 27, 4032-4035 (1991).
  29. K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, X. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev.B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited