OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2011
  • pp: 2089–2101

A Burst-Mode APD-ROSA Using Reset Signal With Less Than 100 ns Response for 1G/10G-EPON Dual-Rate Optical Transceivers

Tsuyoshi Ito, Takeshi Kurosaki, Makoto Nakamura, Susumu Nishihara, Yusuke Ohtomo, Akira Okada, and Mikio Yoneyama

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 14, pp. 2089-2101 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2004 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


A burst-mode APD-ROSA using a reset signal with a very short response time to a burst-mode optical input signal (λ = ~1300 nm, modulation formats of on-off-keying) for a 10G-EPON and GE-PON dual-rate system was developed. We analytically investigated the relationship between the response time and the multiplication characteristics of an APD to reduce the response time. From the calculation results, we determined a suitable resistance for a bias circuit that enabled us to obtain three key characteristics of burst-mode receiver performance, namely high sensitivity, wide dynamic range and short response time. We fabricated an APD-ROSA based on the calculation results, and demonstrated burst-mode receiver operation with a fast response of about 80 ns but without degrading the sensitivity or distorting the waveform.

© 2011 IEEE

Tsuyoshi Ito, Takeshi Kurosaki, Makoto Nakamura, Susumu Nishihara, Yusuke Ohtomo, Akira Okada, and Mikio Yoneyama, "A Burst-Mode APD-ROSA Using Reset Signal With Less Than 100 ns Response for 1G/10G-EPON Dual-Rate Optical Transceivers," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2089-2101 (2011)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. S. Takahashi, K. Shiba, E. Mizuki, K. Makita, A. Tajima, "Over 25-dB dynamic range 10-/1-Gbps optical burst-mode receiver using high-power-tolerant APD," Proc. 2009 Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2009) (2009) pp. 1-3.
  2. K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, M. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, "1.25/10.3 Gbit/s dual-rate burst-mode receiver," Electron. Lett. 44, 869-870 (2008).
  3. J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, M. Nogami, "First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R transceiver," Proc. 2010 Optical Fiber Commun. (OFC 2010) (2010).
  4. M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kato, "A 10 G burst-mode PIN-TIA module with 10-nsec response for PON systems," Proc. MH2, 20th Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS'07) (2007) pp. 67-68.
  5. S. Nishihara, S. Kimura, T. Yoshida, M. Nakamura, J. Terada, K. Nishimura, K. Kishine, K. Kato, Y. Ohtomo, N. Yoshimoto, T. Imai, M. Tsubokawa, "A burst-mode 3R receiver for 10-Gbit/s PON system with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range, and fast response," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 99-107 (2008).
  6. T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "Burst-mode APD-ROSA using reset signal for 1 G/10 G-dual-rate OLT optical transceiver," Proc. 14th Optoelectron. Commun. Conf. (OECC) IEEE (2009).
  7. S. Yamashita, S. Ide, K. Mori, A. Hayakawa, N. Ueno, K. Tanaka, "Novel cell-AGC technique for burst-mode CMOS preamplifier with wide dynamic range and high sensitivity for ATM-PON system," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 881-886 (2002).
  8. T. Nakanishi, K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukuda, N. Yoshimoto, M. Nakamura, K. Kato, K. Nishimura, Y. Ohtomo, M. Tsubokawa, "High sensitivity APD burst-mode receiver for 10 Gbit/s TDM-PON system," IEICE Electronics Exp. 4, 588-592 (2007).
  9. X. Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin, J. Vandewege, "Evolution of burst mode receivers," Proc. 35th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC'09) (2009).
  10. P. Ossieur, D. Verhulst, Y. Martens, W. Chen, J. Bauwelinck, X. Z. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "A 1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver for GPON applications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 1180-1189 (2005).
  11. IEEE Std 802.3av™-2009 (2009).
  12. S. L. Miller, "Avalanche breakdown in germanium," Phys. Rev. 99, 1234-1241 (1955).
  13. G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communication (McGraw-Hill, 1999) pp. 243-273.
  14. R. G. Smith, S. D. Personick, Semiconductor Devices for Optical Communication (Springer-Verlag, 1982) pp. 89-160.
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002) pp. 133-182.
  16. H. Melchior, M. B. Fisher, F. R. Marams, "Photodetectors for optical communication systems," Proc. IEEE 58, 1466-1486 (1970).
  17. Y. Hirota, Y. Muramoto, T. Takeshita, T. Ito, H. Ito, S. Ando, T. Ishibashi, "Reliable non-Zn-diffused InP/InGaAs avalanche photodiode with buried n-InP layer operated by electron injection mode," Electron. Lett. 40, 1378-1379 (2004).
  18. S. Nishihara, M. Nakamura, T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, Y. Ohtomo, A. Okada, "A SiGe BiCMOS burst-mode transimpedance amplifier using fast and accurate automatic offset compensation technique for 1 G/10 G dual-rate transceiver," Proc. 2009 Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM 2009) (2009) pp. 158-161.
  19. T. Nagahori, "Proposal on dual-rate burst-mode receiver timing," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2008).
  20. H. Ben-Amram, "Timing considerations for 10GEPON burst receiver," Presentation Materials, IEEE P802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE 802 Plenary Meeting (2007).
  21. J. Conradi, "A simplified non-Gaussian approach to digital optical receiver design with avalanche photodiodes: Theory," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1019-1026 (1991).
  22. Y. Kang, H. Liu, M. Morse, M. J. Paniccia, M. Zadka, S. Litski, G. Sarid, A. Pauchard, Y. Kuo, H. Chen, W. S. Zaoui, J. E. Bowers, A. Beling, D. C. McIntosh, X. Zheng, J. C. Campbell, "Monolithic germanium/silicon avalanche photodiodes with 340 GHz gain—bandwidth product," Nat. Photon. 3, 59-63 (2008).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited