We experimentally confirm that graphene within fiber laser cavities can generate four-wave-mixing (FWM) by observing the laser spectral broadening and the transition from the single-longitudinal-mode oscillation to multiple-longitudinal-mode one. Then, by simultaneously exploiting the graphene-induced nonlinear FWM and its super-broadband saturable absorption, we further achieve for the first time to the best of our knowledge, multiwavelength Q-switched Yb3+- or Er3+-doped fiber lasers at 1 μm and 1.5 μm wavebands, respectively. Simultaneous 23-wavelength Q-switching oscillation with a wavelength spacing of 0.2 nm is stably generated at 1.5 μm waveband. The multiwavelength Q-switched pulses have the minimum pulse duration of 2.5 μs, the maximum pulse energy of 72.5 nJ and a wide range of pulse-repetition-rate (PRR) from 2.8 to 63.0 kHz. At 1 μm waveband, we also obtain five-wavelength simultaneous lasing in Q-switching regime with the pulse duration of ~3μs, pulse energy of 10.3 nJ and PRR between 39.8 and 56.2kHz.
© 2011 IEEE
Zhengqian Luo, Min Zhou, Duanduan Wu, Chenchun Ye, Jian Weng, Jun Dong, Huiying Xu, Zhiping Cai, and Lujian Chen, "Graphene-Induced Nonlinear Four-Wave-Mixing and Its Application to Multiwavelength Q-Switched Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2732-2739 (2011)