Multiple phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings (MPS-FBGs) are proposed for a novel intensity-type vibration sensing scheme with broadband source based interrogation. In this scheme, the collective and simultaneous operation of the subchannels of MPS-FBG multiplies the total acquired signal power change at a particular channel, considerably enhancing sensitivity. Compared to a standard FBG scheme, our experiment scheme attained significant sensitivity enhancement of nearly 20 dB using 17 phase-shifted FBG. These experimental results agree with the theoretical prediction based on cross-correlation relations. The sensitivity enhancement while retaining the system simplicity would be an attractive option for an economical coarse wavelength division multiplexed (CWDM) vibration sensing system based on a single broadband source.
© 2011 IEEE
Asrul Izam Azmi, Deep Sen, Wenjuan Sheng, John Canning, and Gang-Ding Peng, "Performance Enhancement of Vibration Sensing Employing Multiple Phase-Shifted Fiber Bragg Grating," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3453-3460 (2011)