OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 2011
  • pp: 298–304

Green's Function Analysis of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Photonic Crystal Devices Using Complex Images Technique

Hoda Ameri and Reza Faraji-Dana

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 298-304 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (695 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


An integral equation method employing complex images Green's functions is developed for analyzing different devices fabricated in 2-D dielectric photonic crystals. The integral equation is written in terms of the unknown equivalent current sources flowing on the surfaces of the periodic 2-D cylinders. The method of moments is then employed to solve for the unknown current distributions. The required Green's function of the problem is represented in terms of a finite summation of complex images instead of the conventional slowly converging infinite series. It is shown that when the field-point is far from the periodic sources, it is just sufficient to consider the contribution of the propagating poles in the structure. This will result in a summation of plane waves that has an even smaller size compared with the conventional complex images Green's function. This will enable us to analyze the dielectric periodic structures efficiently and accurately. The method is applied to a number of waveguide structures and its results are compared with the existing literature.

© 2010 IEEE

Hoda Ameri and Reza Faraji-Dana, "Green's Function Analysis of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Photonic Crystal Devices Using Complex Images Technique," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 298-304 (2011)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
  2. S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
  3. A. Scherer, T. Doll, E. Yablonovitch, H. O. Everitt, J. A. Higgins, "Guest Editorial: Electromagnetic crystal structures, design, synthesis, and applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1928-1930 (1999).
  4. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, H. Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Expr. 12, 1551-1561 (2004).
  5. S. Shi, C. Chen, D. W. Prather, "Plane wave expansion method for calculating band structure of photonic crystal slabs with perfectly matched layers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A. 21, 1769-1775 (2004).
  6. W. M. Robertson, S. A. Boothroyd, L. Chan, "Photonic band structure calculations using a two dimensional electromagnetic simulator," J. Mod. Opt. 41, 285-293 (1994).
  7. H. Yu, D. Yang, "Finite difference analysis of 2-D photonic crystals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 2688-2695 (1996).
  8. C. Mias, J. P. Webb, R. L. Ferrari, "Finite element modeling of electromagnetic waves in doubly and triply periodic structures," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146, 111-118 (1999).
  9. P. J. Chiang, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, "Analysis of two-dimensional photonic crystals using a multidomain pseudospectral method," Phys. Rev. E. 75, 026703-1-026703-14 (2007).
  10. M. Qiu, S. He, "Numerical method for computing defect modes in two-dimensional photonic crystals with dielectric or metallic inclusions," Phys. Rev. B. 61, 12872-12876 (2000).
  11. A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, "High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787-3790 (1996).
  12. M. G. Khazinsky, A. R. McGurn, "Green's function method for waveguide and single impurity methods in 2-D photonic crystals: H-polarization," Phys. Lett. 237, 175-182 (1998).
  13. R. Lampe, P. Klock, P. Mayes, "Integral transforms useful for the accelerated summation of periodic free-space Green's functions," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-33, 734-736 (1985).
  14. W. F. Richards, J. R. Zinecker, D. R. Wilton, S. Singh, Y. T. Lo, S. M. Wright, "Acceleration of periodic Green's function in free space," URSI Symp. Proc. (1983) pp. 23-26.
  15. H. Alaeian, R. Faraji-Dana, "A fast and accurate analysis of 2-D periodic devices using complex images Green's functions," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2216-2223 (2009).
  16. R. F. Harrington, Field Computation by Moment Methods (IEEE Press, 1993).
  17. Y. L. Chow, J. J. Yang, D. G. Fang, G. E. Howard, "A closed-form spatial Green's function for the thick microstrip substrate," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 39, 588-592 (1991).
  18. Y. Hua, T. K. Sarkar, "Generalized pencil-of-function method for extracting poles of an EM system from its transient response," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 37, 229-234 (1989).
  19. Y. Mengtao, T. K. Sarkar, M. Salazar-Palma, "A direct discrete complex image method from the closed-form Green's functions in multilayered media," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1025-1032 (2006).
  20. J. R. Mosig, F. E. Gardiol, Advances in Electronics and Electron Physics (Academic, 1982) pp. 139-239.
  21. R. F. Harrington, Time Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields (McGraw-Hill, 1961).
  22. A. Mekis, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound state in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
  23. J. D. Joannopolous, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals, Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Univ. Press, 2008).
  24. S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2-D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-52 (2002).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited