OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2011
  • pp: 856–863

Experimental Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of a Single-Mode Optical Fiber Transmission Model

Erik A. Moro, Michael D. Todd, and Anthony D. Puckett

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 6, pp. 856-863 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (323 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


The radial intensity distribution of a transmission from a single-mode optical fiber is often approximated using Gaussian-shaped spatial field distributions. While such approximations are useful for some applications, they do not accurately describe optical transmission intensity off of the axis of propagation. A recent paper was presented that more accurately describes the intensity distribution, and this paper presents a simple experimental setup that verifies the model's accuracy through formal uncertainty quantification procedures. Agreement between the model and the experiment is established both on and off of the axis of propagation. These results are then discussed in the context of displacement sensor designs based on the optical lever architecture. Transmission behavior off of the axis of propagation controls the sensor performance when large lateral offsets (25–1500 $\mu$m) exist between transmitting and receiving fibers. The practical implications of modeling accuracy over this lateral offset region are discussed as they relate to the development of high-performance, intensity-modulated optical displacement sensors. Specifically, the sensitivity, linearity, resolution, and displacement range of a sensor are functions of the relative positioning of the sensor's transmitting and receiving fibers. It is concluded that the predictive capability of the model presented in this paper could enable an improved methodology for high-performance sensor design.

© 2011 IEEE

Erik A. Moro, Michael D. Todd, and Anthony D. Puckett, "Experimental Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of a Single-Mode Optical Fiber Transmission Model," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 856-863 (2011)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. W. E. Frank, Detection and measurement device having a small flexible fiber transmission line U.S. Patent 3 273 447 (1966).
  2. C. D. Kissinger, Fiber optic proximity probe U.S. Patent 3 327 584 (1967).
  3. R. O. Cook, C. W. Hamm, "Fiber optic lever displacement transducer," Appl. Opt. 18, 3230-3241 (1979).
  4. K. A. Murphy, M. F. Gunther, A. M. Vengsarkar, R. O. Claus, "Quadrature phase-shifted, extrinsic Fabry–Perot optical fiber sensors," Opt. Lett. 16, 273-275 (1991).
  5. X. Chen, F. Shen, Z. Wang, Z. Huang, A. Wang, "Micro-air-gap based intrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometric fiber-optic sensor," Appl. Opt. 45, 7760-7766 (2006).
  6. H. Huang, U. Tata, "Simulation, implementation, and analysis of an optical fiber bundle distance sensor with single mode illumination," Appl. Opt. 47, 1302-1309 (2008).
  7. F. Suganuma, A. Shimamoto, K. Tanaka, "Development of a differential optical-fiber displacement sensor," Appl. Opt. 38, 1103-1109 (1999).
  8. J. A. Buck, Fundamentals of Optical Fibers (Wiley, 2004) pp. 51-77.
  9. Y. St-Amant, D. Gariepy, D. Rancourt, "Intrinsic properties of the optical coupling between axisymmetric Gaussian beams," Appl. Opt. 43, 5691-5704 (2004).
  10. V. Trudel, Y. St-Amant, "One-dimensional single-mode fiber-optic displacement sensors for submillimeter measurements," Appl. Opt. 48, 4851-4857 (2009).
  11. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Univ. Sci. Books, 1986) pp. 727-728.
  12. T. G. Trucano, L. P. Swiler, T. Igusa, W. L. Oberkampf, M. Pilch, "Calibration, validation, and sensitivity analysis: What's what," Reliabil. Eng. Syst. Safety 91, 1331-1357 (2006).
  13. F. M. Hemez, T. B. Tippetts, Los Alamos Natl. Lab.Los AlamosNM"Verification and validation of a composite model," (2004) http://institutes.lanl.gov/ei/model_v/pubs/Hemez_04-8195.pdf.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited