OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 29, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1319–1325

A Passive All-Optical Device for 2R Regeneration Based on the Cascade of Two High-Speed Saturable Absorbers

Hoang Trung Nguyen, Coraline Fortier, Julien Fatome, Guy Aubin, and Jean-Louis Oudar

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 9, pp. 1319-1325 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (624 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We discuss the design and realization of a passive all-optical device for 2R regeneration based on a dual-stage of high-speed microcavity saturable absorbers, one for noise reduction of digital zeros (SA-0), and the other for noise reduction of digital ones (SA-1). The numerical and experimental results showed that by using a simple combination of SA-0 and SA-1 devices, one can obtain an intensity transfer function with a large extinction ratio improvement of low power levels and a strongly nonlinear response reducing the noise of high power levels. The amplitude and phase characterization of a 40-GHz signal transmitted by this device, obtained by frequency-resolved optical gating measurements, reveals the intensity-dependant pulse-compression effect and the low chirp introduced by this device.

© 2011 IEEE

Hoang Trung Nguyen, Coraline Fortier, Julien Fatome, Guy Aubin, and Jean-Louis Oudar, "A Passive All-Optical Device for 2R Regeneration Based on the Cascade of Two High-Speed Saturable Absorbers," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1319-1325 (2011)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. O. Leclerc, "Optical regeneration at 40 Gb/s and beyond, IEEE," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2779-2789 (2003).
  2. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect," ECOC (1998) pp. 475-476.
  3. J. K. Lucek, K. Smith, "All-optical signal regenerator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1226-1228 (1993).
  4. S. Bischoff, J. Mork, "All-optical signal regeneration at 40 Gbit/s using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer based on semiconductor optical amplifiers," Lasers Electro-Opt. Conf. (2000) pp. 345.
  5. S. Hojfeldt, "All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000).
  6. D. Wolfson, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, and demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).
  7. M. Matsumoto, "Analysis of optical regeneration utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber ," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 319-321 (2002).
  8. S. Radic, "All-optical regeneration in one- and two-pump parametric amplifiers using highly nonlinear optical fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 957-959 ( 2003).
  9. E. Seguineau, "Regeneration capabilities of passive saturable absorber-based optical 2R in 20 Gbit/s RZ DWDM long-haul transmissions," Electron. Lett. 39, 857-858 (2003).
  10. J. Mangeney, "Comparison of light- and heavy-ion-irradiated quantum-wells for use as ultrafast saturable absorbers ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2722-2724 (2001).
  11. J. Mangeney, "Sub-picosecond wideband efficient saturable absorber created by high energy (200 MeV) irradiation of Au$^{+}$ ions into bulk GaAs," Electron. Lett. 34, 818-820 (1998).
  12. D. Massoubre, "All-optical extinction-ratio enhancement of a 160 GHz pulse train by a saturable-absorber vertical microcavity," Opt. Lett. 31, 537-539 (2006).
  13. J. Fatome, "All-optical reshaping based on a passive saturable absorber microcavity device for future 160-Gb/s applications," Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 245-247 (2007).
  14. L. Bramerie, "Cascadability and wavelength tunability assessment of a 2R regeneration device based on a 8 channel saturable absorber module," presented at the Opt. Fiber Conf. AnaheimCA (2007).
  15. M. Gay, "Bit-error-rate assessment of 170-Gb/s regeneration using a saturable absorber and a nonlinear-fiber-based power limiter," Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 158-160 (2010).
  16. M. Gay, "Cascadability assessment of a 2R regenerator based on a saturable absorber and a semiconductor optical amplifier in a path switchable recirculating loop," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1273-1275 (2006).
  17. H. T. Nguyen, "New passive all-optical semiconductor device for bit-1 level noise reduction," presented at the Eur. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. Int. Quantum Electron. Conf. (CLEOE-IQEC) MunichGermany (2007).
  18. H. T. Nguyen, "A passive all-optical semiconductor device for level amplitude stabilization based on fast saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 111107-1-111107-3 (2008).
  19. D. Massoubre, "Scaling of the saturation energy in microcavity saturable absorber devices," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 153513-1-153513-3 (2006 ).
  20. R. Trebino, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
  21. R. Takahashi, "Ultrafast 1.55-mu m photoresponses in low-temperature-grown InGaAs/InAlAs quantum wells ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1790-1792 (1994).
  22. E. L. Delpon, "Ultrafast excitonic saturable absorption in ion-implanted InGaAs/InAlAs multiple quantum wells ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 759-761 (1998).
  23. D. Vignaud, "Electron lifetime of heavily Be-doped In[sub 0.53]Ga[sub 0.47]As as a function of growth temperature and doping density," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4151-4153 (2002).
  24. M. Guezo, "Nonlinear absorption temporal dynamics of Fe-doped GaInAs/InP multiple quantum wells ," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 2355-2359 (2003).
  25. D. Massoubre, "Analysis of thermal limitations in high-speed microcavity saturable absorber all-optical switching gates," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3400-3408 (2006).
  26. E. Garmire, "Resonant optical nonlinearities in semiconductors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. in Quantum Electron. 6, 1094-1110 (2000).
  27. D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, "Room-temperature excitonic nonlinear-optical effects in semiconductor quantum-well structures ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 2, 1155-1173 (1985).
  28. H. A. Haus, Y. Silberberg, "Theory of mode locking of a laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 2, 1237-1243 (1985).
  29. S. W. Corzine, "Design of Fabry–Perot surface-emitting lasers with a periodic gain structure," J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1513-1524 (1989).
  30. Q. T. Le, "All-optical 2R regeneration using passive saturable absorption," Opt. Commun. 282, 2768-2773 (2009).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited