OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 9 — May. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1367–1374

Highly Sensitive Monolithic Silicon Photonic Crystal Fiber Tip Sensor for Simultaneous Measurement of Refractive Index and Temperature

Il Woong Jung, Bryan Park, J. Provine, Roger T. Howe, and Olav Solgaard

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 9, pp. 1367-1374 (2011)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2630 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Fiber optic sensors have applications in the measurement of a wide range of physical properties such as temperature, pressure, and refractive index. These sensors are immune to electromagnetic interference, made of high temperature dielectric materials and hence can be deployed in harsh environments where conventional electronics would fail. Photonic crystal (PC) fiber tip sensors are highly sensitive to changes in the refractive index and temperature while remaining compact and robust. In comparison to conventional fiber sensors such as fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) or long period fiber gratings (LPFG), they are attractive in several aspects. PC fiber tip sensors have better sensitivity to refractive index and temperature than FBG sensors and are have much smaller sensing volumes than FBGs and LPFGs. Their small size allows them to combine high sensitivity and structural robustness. The most attractive feature may be that PC fiber tip sensors also return a spectrally rich signal with independently shifting resonances that can be used to extract multiple physical properties of the measurand and distinguish between them. In this paper, we show that the PC fiber tip sensor is highly sensitive to the refractive index and temperature of the environment and that both parameters can be simultaneously determined using multiple wavelengths.

© 2011 IEEE

Citation
Il Woong Jung, Bryan Park, J. Provine, Roger T. Howe, and Olav Solgaard, "Highly Sensitive Monolithic Silicon Photonic Crystal Fiber Tip Sensor for Simultaneous Measurement of Refractive Index and Temperature," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1367-1374 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-29-9-1367


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. E. Udd, "Overview of fiber optic sensors," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 4015-4030 (1995).
  2. A. Wang, Y. Zhu, G. Pickrell, "Optical fiber high-temperature sensors," Opt. Photon. News 20, 26-31 (2009).
  3. S.-K. Eah, H. M. Jaeger, N. F. Scherer, G. P. Wiederrecht, X.-M. Lin, "Plasmon scattering from a single gold nanoparticle collected through an optical fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031902-1-031902-3 (2005).
  4. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
  5. V. Bhatia, A. M. Vengsarkar, "Optical fiber long-period grating sensors," Opt. Lett. 21, 692-694 (1996).
  6. W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, "Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122-1-151122-3 (2005).
  7. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Formation of Bragg gratings in optical fibers by transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14, 823-825 (1989).
  8. T. Ergodan, V. Mizrahi, P. J. Lemaire, D. Monroe, "Decay of ultraviolet-induced fiber Bragg gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 73-80 (1994).
  9. I. W. Jung, B. Park, J. Provine, R. T. Howe, O. Solgaard, "Monolithic Si photonic crystal slab fiber tip sensor," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Int. Conf. Opt. MEMS Nanophoton. (2009) pp. 77-78.
  10. I. W. Jung, B. Park, J. Provine, R. T. Howe, O. Solgaard, "Photonic crystal fiber tip sensor for precision temperature sensing," Proc. IEEE Laser Electro-Opt. Soc. (LEOS) Annu. Meeting Conf. (2009) pp. 761-762.
  11. S. Hadzialic, S. Kim, S. B. Mallick, A. Sudbo, O. Solgaard, "Monolithic photonic crystals," Proc. 20th Annu. Meeting IEEE Laser Electro-Opt. Soc. (LEOS'07) pp. 341-342.
  12. I. W. Jung, S. B. Mallick, O. Solgaard, "A large-area high-reflectivity broadband monolithic single-crystal-silicon photonic crystal mirror MEMS scanner with low dependence on incident angle and polarization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1447-1454 (2009).
  13. O. Kilic, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, O. Solgaard, "External fibre Fabry–Perot acoustic sensor based on a photonic-crystal mirror," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3049-3054 (2007).
  14. B. Park, J. Provine, I. W. Jung, R. T. Howe, O. Solgaard, "Monolithic silicon photonic crystal fiber tip sensor for refractive index and temperature sensing," Proc. Conf. Laser Electro-Opt., Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. (CLEO/QELS) (2010) pp. 1-2.
  15. H. H. Li, "Refractive index of silicon and germanium and its wavelength and temperature derivatives," J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 9, 561-658 (1980).
  16. C. Z. Tan, J. Arndt, "Temperature dependence of refractive index of glassy SiO$_2$ in the infrared wavelength range," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61, 1315-1320 (2000).
  17. O. Kilic, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, O. Solgaard, "Controlling uncoupled resonances in photonic crystals through breaking the mirror symmetry," Opt. Exp. 16, 13090-13103 (2008).
  18. Y. Wang, C.-Q. Xu, "Spun FBG sensors with low polarization dependence under transverse force," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 477-479 (2007).
  19. S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Analysis of guided resonance in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235112-1-235112-8 (2002).
  20. S. J. Orfanidis, Introduction to Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall, 1996).
  21. C. Gaffney, C. K. Chau, "Using refractive index gradients to measure diffusivity between liquids," Amer. J. Phys. 69, 821-825 (2001).
  22. A. N. Bashkatov, E. A. Genina, "Water refractive index in dependence on temperature and wavelength: A simple approximation," Proc. SPIE (2003) pp. 393-395.
  23. C.-B. Kim, C. B. Su, "Measurement of the refractive index of liquids at 1.3 and 1.5 micron using a fibre optic Fresnel ratio meter," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1683-1687 (2004).
  24. B. J. Frey, D. B. Leviton, T. J. Madison, "Temperature-dependent refractive index of silicon and germanium," Proc. SPIE (2006).
  25. F. G. D. Corte, G. Cocorullo, M. Iodice, I. Rendina, "Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient of InP, GaAs, and SiC from room temperature to 600 K at the wavelength of 1.5 $\mu$m," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1614-1616 (2000).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited