OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 30, Iss. 10 — May. 15, 2012
  • pp: 1433–1436

Optical Channel Waveguide in KTiOAsO4 Crystals Produced by O+ion Implantation

Yang Jiao and Lei Wang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 10, pp. 1433-1436 (2012)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (365 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We report on the fabrication and characterization of optical channel waveguide in x-cut KTiOAsO4 crystal produced by photographic masking and following direct O+ion implantation at energy of 3.0 MeV and fluence of 5 × 1013 ions/cm2. Positive changes of both nx and ny refractive indices (corresponding TM and TE polarized light respectively) in the waveguide region are responsible for light waveguiding. After annealing treatment, the propagation losses of the waveguide could be reduced to 1.2 dB/cm, exhibiting acceptable guiding properties.

© 2011 IEEE

Citation
Yang Jiao and Lei Wang, "Optical Channel Waveguide in KTiOAsO4 Crystals Produced by O+ion Implantation," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1433-1436 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-10-1433


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. C. S. Tu, A. R. Guo, R. Tao, R. S. Katiyar, R. Guo, A. S. Bhalla, "Temperature dependent Raman scattering in KTiOPO$_{4}$ and KTiOAsO$_{4}$ single crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3235-3240 (1996).
  2. G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, R. A. Stolzenberger, "Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO$_{4}$," J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323-330 (1993).
  3. O. Y. Khyzhun, V. L. Bekenev, V. V. Atuchin, A. K. Sinelnichenko, L. I. Isaenko, "Electronic structure of KTiOAsO$_{4}$: A comparative study by the full potential linearized augmented plane wave method, X-ray emission spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy," J. Alloys Compounds 477, 768-775 (2009).
  4. V. V. Atuchin, L. I. Isaenko, O. Y. Khyzhun, L. D. Pokrovsky, A. K. Sinelnichenko, S. A. Zhurkov, "Structural and electronic properties of the KTiOAsO$_{4}$ (001) surface," Opt. Mater. 30, 1149-1152 (2008).
  5. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, "Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO$_4$," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765-2767 (1994).
  6. L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. D. Bierlein, F. C. Zumsteg, A. A. Ballman, "Properties of doped and undoped crystals of single domain KTiOAsO$_{4}$," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 346-348 (1993).
  7. W. J. Liu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, X. B. Hu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, J. H. Jiang, Z. G. Wang, "White-beam synchrotron topographic characterization of flux-grown KTiOAsO$_{4}$," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 25-27 (1996).
  8. K. K. Wong, Properties of Lithium Niobate (INSPEC, 2002).
  9. C. V. Ramana, V. V. Atuchin, U. Becker, R. C. Ewing, L. I. Isaenko, O. Yu. Khyzhun, A. A. Merkulov, L. D. Pokrovsky, A. K. Sinelnichenko, S. A. Zhurkov, "Low-energy Ar ion-beam-induced amorphization and chemical modification of potassium titanyl arsenate (001) crystal surfaces," J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 2702-2708 (2007).
  10. J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, A. A. Ballman, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO$_{4}$," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783-785 (1989).
  11. D. P. Shepherd, S. J. Hettrick, C. Li, J. I. Mackenzie, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, "High-power planar dielectric waveguide lasers," J. Phys. D 34, 2420-2432 (2001).
  12. K. E. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, "Photorefractive planar waveguides in BaTiO$_{3}$ fabricated by ion-beam implantation," Opt. Lett. 17, 1509-1511 (1992).
  13. W. P. Risk, G. M. Loiacono, "Fabrication and characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in potassium titanyl arsenate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 4157-4158 (1996).
  14. D. Fluck, P. Gunter, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal, "Optical strip waveguides in KNbO$_{3}$ formed by He ion implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3213-3215 (1991).
  15. F. Chen, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, "Development of ion implanted optical waveguides in optical materials: A review," Opt. Mater. 29, 1523-1542 (2007).
  16. P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, Optical Effects of Ion Implantation (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994).
  17. F. Chen, Y. Tan, D. Jaque, "Ion-implanted optical channel waveguides in neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet transparent ceramics for integrated laser generation," Opt. Lett. 34, 28-30 (2009).
  18. N. N. Dong, F. Chen, D. Jaque, "Carbon ion implanted Nd:MgO:LiNbO$_{3}$ optical channel waveguides: An intermediate step between light and heavy ion implanted waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 5951-5956 (2010).
  19. S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, G. N. Conti, S. Pelli, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, I. Banyasz, M. Fried, N. Q. Khanh, T. Lohner, P. Petrik, A. Watterich, Z. Zolnai, "Slab optical waveguides in Er$^{3 +}$-doped tellurite glass by N$^{+}$ ion implantation at 1.5 MeV," Opt. Eng. 50, 071110-1-071110-7 (2011).
  20. Y. Jiang, K. M. Wang, X. L. Wang, C. L. Jia, L. Wang, Y. Jiao, Q. M. Lu, H. J. Ma, R. Nie, D. Y. Shen, "Planar optical waveguide in potassium titanyl arsenate formed by oxygen ion implantation at low fluences," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011114-1-011114-3 (2006).
  21. X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, F. Chen, G. Fu, S. L. Li, H. Liu, L. Gao, D. Y. Shen, H. J. Ma, R. Nie, "Optical properties of stoichiometric LiNbO$_{3}$ waveguides formed by low fluence oxygen ion implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041103 (2005).
  22. Y. Tan, F. Chen, "Engineering of thermo-optic properties in ion implanted lithium niobate waveguides by electronic stopping power," J. Phys. D 43, 485104 (2010).
  23. Y. Ren, N. Dong, F. Chen, A. Benayas, D. Jaque, F. Qiu, T. Narusawa, "Swift heavy-ion irradiated active waveguides in Nd:YAG crystals: Fabrication and laser generation," Opt. Lett. 35, 3276-3279 (2010).
  24. G. G. Bentini, M. Bianconi, L. Correra, M. Chiarini, P. Mazzoldi, C. Sada, N. Argiolas, M. Bazzan, R. Guzzi, "Damage effects produced in the near-surface region of x-cut LiNbO$_{3}$ by low fluence, high energy implantation of nitrogen, oxygen, and fluorine ions," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 242-247 (2004).
  25. F. X. Wang, F. Chen, X. L. Wang, Q. M. Lu, K. M. Wang, D. Y. Shen, H. J. Ma, R. Nie, "Fabrication of optical waveguides in KTiOAsO$_{4}$ by He or Si ion implantation," Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B. 215, 389-393 (2004).
  26. F. Chen, X. L. Wang, Q. M. Lu, G. Fu, S. L. Li, F. Lu, K. M. Wang, D. Y. Shen, "Property study on nickel ion implanted planar waveguide in KTiOAsO$_{4}$ crystal," Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B. 194, 355-358 (2002).
  27. F. Chen, "Photonic guiding structures in lithium niobate crystals produced by energetic ion beams," J. Appl. Phys. 106, 081101-1-081101-29 (2009).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited