OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 30, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2163–2167

The Optical and Fluorescence Properties of Planar and Channel Waveguides in Laser Crystal Nd:SrGdGa3O7 Formed by Carbon Ion Implantation

Jin-Hua Zhao, Xiu-Hong Liu, Feng-Xiang Wang, Xi-Feng Qin, Gang Fu, and Xue-Lin Wang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 13, pp. 2163-2167 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (548 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


The planar and channel waveguides were fabricated by C ion implantation on Nd:SrGdGa3O7 crystal respectively. The guided modes and optical propagation properties were investigated by waveguide coupling method, and the simulation of the light propagation process was performed simultaneously for comparison. The propagation losses of planar and channel waveguides were 0.84 dB/cm and 0.5 dB/cm, respectively, which were measured by end-face coupling equipment. The confocal microfluorescence investigation was used to observe the influence of the C ion implantation process on the Nd ions properties. It shows that there are merits about the relative low loss and the good reservation of Nd ions fluorescence properties in the C-ion-implanted waveguide. Thus, this waveguide could be a very promising candidate for integrated optical device.

© 2012 IEEE

Jin-Hua Zhao, Xiu-Hong Liu, Feng-Xiang Wang, Xi-Feng Qin, Gang Fu, and Xue-Lin Wang, "The Optical and Fluorescence Properties of Planar and Channel Waveguides in Laser Crystal Nd:SrGdGa3O7 Formed by Carbon Ion Implantation," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2163-2167 (2012)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. K. Park, M. A. Lim, C. H. Kim, H. D. Park, J. T. Park, S. Y. Choi, "White light-emitting diodes of GaN-based Sr2SiO4:Eu and the luminescent properties," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 683-685 (2003).
  2. S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, Y. Fujimoto, "Properties of transparent Ce:YAG ceramic phosphors for white LED," Opt. Mater. 33, 688-691 (2011).
  3. X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Liang, Q. Su, "Luminescence of SrGdGa3O7:RE3+ (RE: Eu, Tb) phosphors and energy transfer from Gd3+ to RE3+," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 281-288 (2005).
  4. W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Go?v?b, I. Sokólska, G. Dominiak-Dzik, J. Zawadzka, M. Berkowski, J. Fink-Finowicki, M. Baba, "Spectroscopic characterization of a Tm3+:SrGdGa3O7 crystal," Appl. Phys. B 68, 199-205 (1999).
  5. V. Cyrille, L. Pascal, A. Gérard, "CW laser emission around 900 nm along the 4F3/24I9/2 channel with new Nd-doped crystals," Advanced Solid-State Photonics VancouverBCCanada (2007).
  6. D. Mishchuk, O. V'yunov, O. Ovchar, A. Belous, "Synthesis and dielectric properties of Sr0.6-xBa0.4Na2xNb2O6 solid solutions," Inorg. Mater. 42, 1110-1114 (2006).
  7. A. A. Kaminskii, L. Bohati, P. Becker, J. Liebertz, H. J. Eichler, H. Rhee, J. Hanuza, "Cascaded nonlinear-laser interactions in melilite-type crystals of Sr2MgGe2O7 and Ba2ZnGe2O7," Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 528-543 (2010).
  8. D. Jaque, F. Chen, Y. Tan, "Scanning confocal fluorescence imaging and micro-Raman investigations of oxygen implanted channel waveguides in Nd:MgO:LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161908-161903 (2008).
  9. S. E. Miller, "Integrated optics: An introduction," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 205969 (1969).
  10. R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology (Springer-Verlag, 2002).
  11. E. J. Murphy, Integrated Optical Circuits and Components: Design and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1999).
  12. R. Regener, W. Sohler, "Loss in low-finesse Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguide resonators," Appl. Phys. B 36, 143-147 (1985).
  13. J. I. Mackenzie, "Dielectric solid-state planar waveguide lasers: A review," IEEE J, Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 626-637 (2007).
  14. F. Chen, "Construction of two-dimensional waveguides in insulating optical materials by means of ion beam implantation for photonic applications: Fabrication methods and research progress," Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 33, 165-182 (2008).
  15. E. R. Schineller, R. P. Flam, D. W. Wilmot, "Optical waveguides formed by proton irradiation of fused silica," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 1171-1173 (1968).
  16. Y. Tan, F. Chen, D. Jaque, W. L. Gao, H. J. Zhang, G. J. Solé, H. J. Ma, "Ion-implanted optical-stripe waveguides in neodymium-doped calcium barium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 34, 1438-1440 (2009).
  17. S. S. Guo, T. Liu, J. H. Zhao, J. Guan, X. L. Wang, "Planar waveguides in Nd:SGG crystal formed by He ion implantation," Appl. Opt. 49, 6039-6042 (2010).
  18. X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, F. Chen, G. Fu, S. L. Li, H. Liu, L. Gao, D. Y. Shen, H. J. Ma, R. Nie, "Optical properties of stoichiometric LiNbO3 waveguides formed by low-dose oxygen ion implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 041103-1-041103-3 (2005).
  19. J. H. Zhao, X. L. Wang, F. Chen, "1/4-branch waveguide power splitters in lithium niobate by means of multi-energy O ion implantation," Opt. Mater. 32, 1441-1445 (2010).
  20. J. Olivares, A. García-Navarro, G. García, A. Méndez, F. Agulló-López, A. García-Cabañes, M. Carrascosa, O. Caballero, "Nonlinear optical waveguides generated in lithium niobate by swift-ion irradiation at ultralow fluences," Opt. Lett. 32, 2587-2589 (2007).
  21. G. G. Bentini, M. Bianconi, M. Chiarini, L. Correra, C. Sada, P. Mazzoldi, N. Argiolas, M. Bazzan, R. Guzzi, "Effect of low dose high energy O3+ implantation on refractive index and linear electro-optic properties in X-cut LiNbO3: Planar optical waveguide formation and characterization," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6477-6483 (2002).
  22. P. J. Chandler, F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Opt. Acta 33, 127-142 (1986).
  23. J. F. Ziegler, Computer code SRIM (2010) http://www.srim.org.
  24. R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, M. Marangoni, "Two straightforward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguides," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1117-1120 (2002).
  25. F. Caccavale, F. Segato, I. Mansour, M. Gianesin, "A finite differences method for the reconstruction of refractive index profiles from near-field measurements," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1348-1352 (1998).
  26. L. Wang, F. Chen, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, Y. Jiao, L. L. Wang, X. S. Li, Q. M. Lu, H. J. Ma, R. Nie, "Low-loss planar and stripe waveguides in Nd3+-doped silicate glass produced by oxygen-ion implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 053112-1-053112-4 (2007).
  27. M. Domenech, G. V. Vázquez, E. Flores-Romero, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, "Continuous-wave laser oscillation at 1.3. µm in Nd:YAG proton-implanted planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151108-1-151108-3 (2005).
  28. Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. V. de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, D. Jaque, "Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 031119-1-031119-3 (2010).
  29. N. N. Dong, A. Benayas, D. Jaque, Y. Tan, F. Chen, "Fluorescence-quenching free channel waveguides in Yb:YAG ceramics by carbon ion implantation," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1460-1464 (2011).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited