OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 30, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2012
  • pp: 2315–2328

Spatial-Domain-Based Hybrid Multidimensional Coded-Modulation Schemes Enabling Multi-Tb/s Optical Transport

Ivan B. Djordjevic

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 14, pp. 2315-2328 (2012)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2728 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Future Internet and Ethernet technologies will be affected by both limited bandwidth of information infrastructure and its high energy consumption. In order to solve both problems simultaneously, in this invited paper, we describe several hybrid coded-modulation (CM) schemes enabling multiterabit optical transport including spatial-domain-based CM, mode-multiplexed 4-D CM, and mode-multiplexed generalized orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. A common property of these CM schemes is the employment of optimized signal constellations, various degrees of freedom, and rate-adaptive coding. These modulation schemes are called hybrid as all available degrees of freedom are used for transmission over optical fibers including amplitude, phase, polarization, and orbital angular momentum. Since the channel capacity is a linear function in number of dimensions, by increasing the number of basis functions, we can dramatically improve the overall system capacity. The energy-consumption problem is tackled by properly designing multidimensional signal constellations such that transinformation is maximized, while taking the energy constraint into account.

© 2012 IEEE

Citation
Ivan B. Djordjevic, "Spatial-Domain-Based Hybrid Multidimensional Coded-Modulation Schemes Enabling Multi-Tb/s Optical Transport," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2315-2328 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-14-2315


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Amendment to IEEE Standard for Information Technology—Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems—Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Specific Requirements. Part 3: Carrier Sense Multiple Access With Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) Access Method and Physical Layer Specifications. Amendment 4: Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Operation IEEE Standard 802.3ba-2010 (2010).
  2. J. McDonough, "Moving standards to 100 GbE and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 6-9 (2007).
  3. S. Melle, J. Jaeger, D. Perkins, V. Vusirikala, "Market drivers and implementation options for 100-GbE transport over the WAN," IEEE Commun. Mag. 45, 18-24 (2007).
  4. T. J. Xia, G. Welbrock, E. Ip, Y. Kai, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, T. Aono, "Field experiment with mixed line-rate transmission (112-Gb/s, 450-Gb/s, and 1.15-Tb/s) over 3 560 km of installed fiber using filterless coherent receiver and EDFAs only," Proc. Opt. Fiber. Commun./Nat. Fiber. Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011).
  5. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, D. Kilper, C. R. Doerr, A. H. Gnauck, E. C. Burrows, L. L. Buhl, "Terabit transmission at 42.7-Gb/s on 50-GHz grid using hybrid RZ-DQPSK and NRZ-DBPSK formats over 16×80 km SSMF spans and 4 bandwidth-managed ROADMs," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 85-90 (2008).
  6. M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator," Electron. Lett. 36, 2027-2029 (2000).
  7. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, C. Schubert, "Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission," Electron. Lett. 42, 178-179 (2006).
  8. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, W. Shieh, "1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access," Opt. Exp. 17, 9421-9427 (2009).
  9. Y. Tang, W. Shieh, "Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to 1 Tb/s per channel," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3511-3517 (2009).
  10. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2009).
  11. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, T. Schmidt, "Ultra high speed optical transmission using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation," Opt. Exp. 18, 20546-20551 (2010).
  12. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/phase/polarization LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond," Opt. Exp. 18, 14108-14113 (2010).
  13. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s per wavelength transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1139-1141 (2009).
  14. I. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Four-dimensional optical multiband-OFDM for beyond 1.4 Tb/s serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 876-882 (2011).
  15. I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6969-6979 (2011).
  16. W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, P. Demeester, "Power consumption in telecommunication networks: Overview and reduction strategies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 62-69 (2011).
  17. S. Aleksi?, "Energy efficiency of electronic and optical network elements," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 296-308 (2011).
  18. I. B. Djordjevic, "Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 16708-16714 (2011).
  19. I. B. Djordjevic, "Spatial-domain-based energy-efficient optical communications and networks," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (2011) pp. 363-364.
  20. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Energy-efficient coded-modulation for high-speed optical communication based on statistical physics concepts," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (2011) pp. 157-158.
  21. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Statistical physics inspired energy-efficient coded-modulation for optical communications," Opt. Lett. 37, 1340-1342 (2012).
  22. I. B. Djordjevic, T. Liu, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  23. T. Liu, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Feedback channel capacity inspired optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical transmission," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (2012).
  24. J. Zhang, I. B. Djordjevic, "Three-dimensional spherical signal constellation for few-mode fiber based high-speed optical transmission," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. (2012).
  25. I. B. Djordjevic, "Heterogeneous transparent optical networking based on coded OAM modulation," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 531-537 (2011).
  26. I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Spatial-domain-based multidimensional modulation for multi-Tb/s serial optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 6845-6857 (2011).
  27. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Multidimensional hybrid modulations for ultra-high-speed optical transport," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 1030-1038 (2011).
  28. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Iterative polar quantization based modulation to achieve channel capacity in ultra-high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 593-599 (2010).
  29. I. B. Djordjevic, H. G. Batshon, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Coded polarization-multiplexed iterative polar modulation (PM-IPM) for beyond 400 Gb/s serial optical transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010).
  30. Z. H. Peric, I. B. Djordjevic, S. M. Bogosavljevic, M. C. Stefanovic, "Design of signal constellations for Gaussian channel by iterative polar quantization," Proc. 9th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conf. (1998) pp. 866-869.
  31. Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Rate-adaptive four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for long-haul optical transport networks," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  32. J. Zhang, I. B. Djordjevic, "Optimum signal constellation design for rotationally symmetric optical channel with coherent detection," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011).
  33. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. Lotz, P. Winzer, H. Haunstein, S. Randel, S. Corteselli, B. Zhu, "Generation and FEC-decoding of a 231.5-Gb/s PDM-OFDM signal with 256-iterative-polar-modulation achieving 11.15-b/s/Hz intrachannel spectral efficiency and 800-km reach," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. .
  34. R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).
  35. N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, J. H. Conway, "Minimal-energy clusters of hard spheres," Discr. Comput. Geom. 14, 237-259 (1995).
  36. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. M. Marcoccia, "Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive non-binary-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical transport networks," Opt. Exp. 18, 1820-1832 (2010).
  37. I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity communication in optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).
  38. I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Comput. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).
  39. J. Sakai, K. Kitayama, M. Ikeda, Y. Kato, K. Tatsuya, "Design considerations of broadband dual-mode optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 26, 658-665 (1978).
  40. D. Marcuse, "Pulse propagation in two-mode waveguide," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1785-1791 (1972).
  41. M. Cvijetic, "Dual-mode optical fibers with zero intermodal dispersion," Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 307-317 (1984).
  42. M. Cvijetic, G. Lukatela, "Design considerations of dispersion-free dual-mode optical fibers: 1.55 μm wavelength operation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 469-472 (1987).
  43. B. Razavi, "A 60-GHz CMOS receiver front-end," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 17-22 (2006).
  44. C. Doan, S. Emami, A. M. Niknejad, R. W. Brodersen, "Millimeter-wave CMOS design," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 144-155 (2005).
  45. R. Nagarajan, C. H. Joyner, R. P. Schneider, Jr., J. S. Bostak, T. Butrie, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kato, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Mathis, A. Mathur, R. H. Miles, M. L. Mitchell, M. J. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, F. H. Peters, S. C. Pennypacker, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. A. Salvatore, R. K. Schlenker, R. B. Taylor, H.-S. Tsai, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, D. Perkins, J. Singh, S. G. Grubb, M. S. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, F. A. Kish, D. F. Welch, "Large-scale photonic integrated circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 50-65 (2005).
  46. D. F. Welch, F. A. Kish, S. Melle, R. Nagarajan, M. Kato, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, R. P. Schneider, J. Back, A. G. Dentai, V. G. Dominic, P. W. Evans, M. Kauffman, D. J. H. Lambert, S. K. Hurtt, A. Mathur, M. L. Mitchell, M. Missey, S. Murthy, A. C. Nilsson, S. Melle, R. A. Salvatore, M. F. Van Leeuwen, J. Webjorn, M. Ziari, S. G. Grubb, D. Perkins, M. Reffle, D. G. Mehuys, "Large-scale InP photonic integrated circuits: Enabling efficient scaling of optical transport networks," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 22-31 (2007).
  47. C. Gunn, "CMOS photonics for high-speed interconnects," IEEE Micro 26, 58-66 (2006).
  48. M. Lipson, "Guiding, modulating and emitting light on silicon—Challenges and opportunities," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4222-4238 (2005).
  49. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1975).
  50. I. B. Djordjevic, G. T. Djordjevic, "On the communication over strong atmospheric turbulence channels by adaptive modulation and coding," Opt. Exp. 17, 18250-18262 (2009).
  51. I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for high-speed optical transmission," Proc. IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Topical Meet. (2009).
  52. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, R. Marcoccia, "Non-binary LDPC-coded modulation for high-speed optical metro networks with back propagation," Proc. SPIE Photon. West, OPTO: Opt. Commun.: Syst. Subsystems, Opt. Metro Netw. Short-Haul Syst. II (2010).
  53. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive LDPC-coded OFDM for radio-over-fiber technologies," Proc. 22nd Annu. Meet. IEEE Photon. Soc. (2009) pp. 448-449.
  54. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Adaptive LDPC-coded polarization multiplexed coherent optical OFDM in optically-routed networks," Proc. Asia Commun. Photon. Conf. Exhib. (2009).
  55. R. E. Blahut, "Computation of channel capacity and rate distortion functions," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-18, 460-473 (1972).
  56. S. Murshid, A. Chakravarty, "Tapered optical fiber quadruples bandwidth of multimode silica fibers using same wavelength," Proc. Frontiers Opt., OSA Tech. Dig. (2010).
  57. A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011).
  58. L. Gruner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. W. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, R. Lingle, B. Palsdottir, "Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD, low mode coupling and low loss," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  59. R. Ryf, M. A. Mestre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, D. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Low-loss mode coupler for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  60. N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  61. X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, "Reception of dual-LP11-mode CO-OFDM signals through few-mode compatible optical add/drop multiplexer," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  62. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, "Coded multidimensional pulse amplitude modulation for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011).
  63. S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Mode-multiplexed 6×20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  64. I. Djordjevic, L. Xu, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, "Large girth low-density parity-check codes for long-haul high-speed optical communications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2008) pp. 1-3.
  65. M. P. C. Fossorier, "Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check codes from circulant permutation matrices," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 50, 1788-1793 (2004).
  66. J. Chen, A. Dholakia, E. Eleftheriou, M. Fossorier, X.-Y. Hu, "Reduced-complexity decoding of LDPC codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1288-1299 (2005).
  67. R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, Pe. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Sasaki, "Space-division multiplexed transmission over 4200 km 3-core microstructured fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  68. B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  69. P. M. Krummrich, "Optical amplifiers for multi mode/multi core transmission," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  70. R. Essiambre, A. Mecozzi, "Capacity limits in single mode fiber and scaling for spatial multiplexing," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).
  71. K.-P. Ho, J. M. Kahn, "Frequency diversity in mode-division multiplexing systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3719-3726 (2011).
  72. D. Zou, C. Lin, I. B. Djordjevic, "LDPC-coded mode-multiplexed CO-OFDM over 1000 km of few-mode fiber," Proc. Lasers Electro-Opt. Conf. (2012).
  73. Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Evaluation of four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for next-generation long-haul optical transport networks," Opt. Exp. 20, 9296-9301 (2012).
  74. I. B. Djordjevic, "Adaptive modulation and coding for free-space optical channels," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 221-229 (2010).
  75. Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, "Rate-adaptive four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for long-haul optical transport networks," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited