OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 30, Iss. 15 — Aug. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2494–2501

Mitigation of Nonlinear and PMD Impairments by Bit-Synchronous Polarization Scrambling

S. Wabnitz and K. S. Turitsyn

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 15, pp. 2494-2501 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1158 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


Our statistical study by the importance sampling method shows that a significant performance improvement may be achieved by bit-synchronous polarization scrambling in the presence of polarization mode dispersion and fiber nonlinearity in dispersion managed, single-channel, or wavelength- division- multiplexed NRZ 10 Gbit/s fiber optic transmission systems.

© 2012 IEEE

S. Wabnitz and K. S. Turitsyn, "Mitigation of Nonlinear and PMD Impairments by Bit-Synchronous Polarization Scrambling," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 2494-2501 (2012)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. C. R. Menyuk, B. S. Marks, "Interaction of polarization mode dispersion and nonlinearity in optical fiber transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2806-2826 (2006).
  2. M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, "Effects of nonlinearities on PMD-induced system impairments," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4127-4137 (2006).
  3. M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud, "PMD impact on optical systems: Single and multichannel effects," J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 1, 123-140 (2004).
  4. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, F. Heismann, "Polarization scattering by soliton-soliton collisions," Opt. Lett. 20, 2060-2062 (1995).
  5. A. Bononi, A. Vannucci, A. Orlandini, E. Corbel, S. Lanne, S. Bigo, "Degree of polarization degradation due to cross-phase modulation and its impact on polarization-mode dispersion compensators," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1903-1913 (2003).
  6. C. Xie, L. Möller, D. Kilper, L. Mollenauer, "Impact of cross-phase modulation induced polarization scattering on optical PMD compensation in WDM systems," Opt. Lett. 28, 2303-2305 (2003).
  7. J. Lee, K. Park, C. Kim, Y. Chung, "Effects of nonlinear crosstalk in optical PMD compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1082-1084 (2002).
  8. G. Zhang, J. T. Stango, X. Zhang, C. Xie, "Impact of fiber nonlinearity on PMD penalty in DWDM transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 501-503 (2005).
  9. P. K. J. Park, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Optimization of polarization scrambling frequency in lightwave systems," Opt. Eng. 47, 035005 (2004).
  10. B. Wedding, C. N. Haslach, "Enhanced PMD mitigation by polarization scrambling and forward error correction," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Exhibit (2001).
  11. C. R. Davidson, H. Zhang, Y. Cai, L. Liu, J.-X. Cai, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, N. S. Bergano, "Direct measure of system margin enhancement by polarization scrambling," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2004).
  12. Z. Li, J. Mo, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Experimental evaluation of the effect of polarization scrambling speed on the performance of PMD mitigation using FEC," Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2004).
  13. N. S. Bergano, V. J. Mazurczyk, C. R. Davidson, "Polarization scrambling improves SNR performance in a chain of EDFAs," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., ThR4 (1994).
  14. N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, F. Heismann, "Bit-synchronous polarization and phase modulation scheme for improving the transmission performance of optical amplifier transmission systems," Electron. Lett. 32, 52-54 (1996).
  15. N. S. Bergano, C. R. Davidson, "Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1299-1308 (1996).
  16. Y. K. Park, T. V. Nguyen, O. Mizuhara, C. D. Chen, L. D. Tzeng, P. D. Yeates, F. Heismann, Y. C. Chen, D. G. Ehrenberg, J. C. Feggeler, "Field demonstration of 10 Gb/s line-rate transmission on an installed transoceanic submarine lightwave cable," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 425-427 (1996).
  17. T. Ito, Y. Inada, K. Fukuchi, T. Suzaki, "Suppression of nonlinear waveform distortion using alternate polarization modulation for long distance 10 Gb/s based WDM transmission systems," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., ThQ7 (1999).
  18. C. Xie, I. Kang, A. H. Gnauck, L. Möller, L. F. Mollenauer, A. R. Grant, "Suppression of intrachannel nonlinear effects with alternate-polarization formats," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 806-812 (2004).
  19. G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, C. R. Menyuk, "Importance sampling for polarization-mode dispersion: Techniques and applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1201-1215 (2004).
  20. D. Wang, C. R. Menyuk, "Polarization evolution due to the Kerr nonlinearity and chromatic dispersion," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2520-2529 (1999).
  21. D. Marcuse, C. R. Menyuk, P. K. A. Wai, "Application of the Manakov-PMD equation to studies of signal propagation in optical fibers with randomly varying birefringence," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1735-1745 (1997).
  22. F. Heismann, D. A. Gray, B. H. Lee, R. W. Smith, "Electrooptic polarization scramblers for optically amplified long-haul transmission systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1156-1158 (1994).
  23. D. Chowdhury, M. Mlejnek, Y. Mauro, "Numerical modeling of PMD," J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 1, 141-149 (2004).
  24. P. Serena, N. Rossi, O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, "Intra- versus inter-channel PMD in linearly compensated coherent PDM-PSK nonlinear transmissions," J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1691-1700 (2011).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited