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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 30, Iss. 19 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 3118–3125

Grating Couplers for Fiber-to-Fiber Characterizations of Stand-Alone Dielectric Loaded Surface Plasmon Waveguide Components

Michael G. Nielsen, Jean-Claude Weeber, Karim Hassan, Julien Fatome, Christophe Finot, Serkan Kaya, Laurent Markey, Ole Albrektsen, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, Guy Millot, and Alain Dereux

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 19, pp. 3118-3125 (2012)


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Abstract

Dielectric loaded gratings (DLGs) comprised of polymer gratings lying on a thin gold film are used to couple light at telecommunication frequencies in and out of plasmonic waveguides featuring sub-micron cross-sections. The grating couplers are found to be efficient and easy to implement to perform direct fiber-to-fiber telecommunication characterizations of dielectric loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguide (DLSPPW) components. By analyzing the dispersion of the plasmonic Bloch modes supported by DLGs as a function of the period and the filling factor of the gratings, efficient couplers comprised of gratings with a filling factor around 0.5 are designed and fabricated by a simple one-step electron beam lithography process. Typical losses in the range of -10 dB per coupler are obtained for gratings designed to operate at normal and 30°-tilted incidence. The performance of the couplers for normal incidence can be further improved by adding a back-reflecting Bragg mirror. We demonstrate the transmission of a 10 Gbits/s signal along a 75 μm-long DLSPPW by using DLG couplers for light injection and extraction. A power penalty below below 0.4 dB on the bit-error-rate has been measured over the entire C-band demonstrating the suitability of DLSPPWs for Wavelength-Division-Multiplexed high bit rate traffic and the efficiency of DLG couplers for fiber-to-fiber characterizations of stand alone DLSPPW components.

© 2012 IEEE

Citation
Michael G. Nielsen, Jean-Claude Weeber, Karim Hassan, Julien Fatome, Christophe Finot, Serkan Kaya, Laurent Markey, Ole Albrektsen, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, Guy Millot, and Alain Dereux, "Grating Couplers for Fiber-to-Fiber Characterizations of Stand-Alone Dielectric Loaded Surface Plasmon Waveguide Components," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3118-3125 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-19-3118


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