OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 30, Iss. 3 — Feb. 1, 2012
  • pp: 344–354

Analysis of Simultaneous Photonic Frequency Downconversion and Optical Subcarrier Modulation in an Electroabsorption Modulator

Ran Zhu, Bouchaib Hraimel, and Xiupu Zhang

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 3, pp. 344-354 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2265 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We present theoretical analysis of simultaneous photonic frequency downconversion, based on four-wave mixing (FWM), and optical subcarrier modulation in an electroabsorption modulator (EAM) for broadband millimeter wave (mm-wave) over fiber uplinks. A model of FWM generation in an EAM is established. The FWM efficiency with an EAM at dc bias with and without RF modulation is analyzed, including the impact of bias voltage, modulation voltage, and frequency detuning. The calculated FWM efficiency agrees well with the measured. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of photonic frequency downconverted RF signal is also analyzed, considering the nonlinear distortion due to the EAM nonlinearities. Moreover, calculated error vector magnitude using theoretical SNR is compared with the measured for multiband orthogonal frequency division multiplexing ultrawideband mm-wave signals.

© 2011 IEEE

Ran Zhu, Bouchaib Hraimel, and Xiupu Zhang, "Analysis of Simultaneous Photonic Frequency Downconversion and Optical Subcarrier Modulation in an Electroabsorption Modulator," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 344-354 (2012)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. Yu, G. Chang, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, M. Huang, H. Chien, Y. Huseh, W. Jian, C. Liu, Z. Dong, "Cost-effective optical millimeter technologies and field demonstrations for very high throughput wireless over fiber access systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2376-2397 (2010).
  2. H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, S. Banda, "Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communication," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
  3. A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).
  4. U. Gliese, S. Nørskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).
  5. G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fiber-radio systems," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).
  6. B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, K. Wu, "Pre-compensated optical double-sideband subcarrier modulation Immune to fiber chromatic-dispersion-induced radio frequency power fading," OSA/IEEE J. Optical Commun. Netw. 1, 331-342 (2009).
  7. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).
  8. M. Tsuchiya, T. Hoshida, "Nonlinear photodetection scheme and its system applications to fiber-optic millimeter-wave wireless down-links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1342-1350 (1999).
  9. M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizuguchi, T. Ohira, "Carrier generation and data transmission on millimeter-wave bands using two-mode locked Fabry-Perot slave lasers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 51, 382-391 (2003).
  10. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, Y. Ogawa, "Fiber-optic millimeter-wave uplink system incorporating remotely fed 60-GHz-band optical pilot tone," IEEE Trans. Microw .Theory Tech. 47, 1332-1337 (1999).
  11. Y.-K. Seo, J.-H. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).
  12. S. Jun-Hyuk, C. Choi, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, J. Kim, W. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bidirectional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).
  13. B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, K. Wu, "Photonic down-conversion of millimeter wave multiband orthogonal frequency division multiplexing ultra-wideband using four wave mixing in an electro-absorption modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1987-1993 (2010).
  14. C. Sui, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, L. Wu, Y. Shen, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, Q. Nie, "Impact of electro-absorption modulator integrated laser on MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3548-3555 (2010).
  15. S. Højfeldt, J. Mørk, "Modeling of carrier dynamics in quantum-well electroabsorption modulators," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1265-1276 (2002).
  16. T. Mori, H. Kawaguchi, "Characteristics of nondegenerate four-wave mixing in electro-absorption modulator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 869-871 (2004).
  17. H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, "Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in compressively strained quantum wells under the population inversion condition," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1817-1825 (1999).
  18. A. D'Ottavi, P. Spano, G. Hunziker, R. Paiella, R. Dall'Ara, G. Guekos, K. J. Vahara, "Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s by four-wave mixing over a 30-nm interval," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 952-954 (1997).
  19. K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Tsurusawa, M. Usami, "80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion using MQW electro-absorption modulator in delayed-interferometric configuration," Electron. Lett. 39, 792-794 (2003).
  20. M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, "Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4112-4123 (2009).
  21. A. Georgiadis, "Gain, phase imbalance, and phase noise effects on error vector magnitude," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 53, 443-449 (2004).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited