OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 30, Iss. 4 — Feb. 12, 2012
  • pp: 399–405

Transmitter Predistortion for Simultaneous Improvements in Bit Rate, Sensitivity, Jitter, and Power Efficiency in 20 Gb/s CMOS-Driven VCSEL Links

Alexander V. Rylyakov, Clint L. Schow, Benjamin G. Lee, Fuad E. Doany, Christian W. Baks, and Jeffrey A. Kash

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 4, pp. 399-405 (2012)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1598 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

The effect of applying feed-forward equalization (FFE) on the transmitter side is studied for three different full optical links. In contrast to all previous works, the FFE settings are optimized for a complete link, rather than just the vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser output. The approach results in dramatic improvements in total link performance: >6 dB in sensitivity, 3X in timing margin, and 2X in power efficiency at 15 Gb/s, and a record 5.7 pJ/bit at 20 Gb/s.

© 2011 IEEE

Citation
Alexander V. Rylyakov, Clint L. Schow, Benjamin G. Lee, Fuad E. Doany, Christian W. Baks, and Jeffrey A. Kash, "Transmitter Predistortion for Simultaneous Improvements in Bit Rate, Sensitivity, Jitter, and Power Efficiency in 20 Gb/s CMOS-Driven VCSEL Links," J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 399-405 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-30-4-399


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Y.-C. Chang, "High-efficiency, high-speed VCSELs with 35 Gbit/s error-free operation," Elecron. Lett. 43, 1022-1023 (2007).
  2. R. H. Johnson, D. Kuchta, "30 Gb/s directly modulated 850 nm datacom VCSELs," the Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt./Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. San JoseCA (2008).
  3. L. Illing, M. Kennel, "Shaping current waveforms for direct modulation of semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 40, 445-452 (2004).
  4. N. Dokhane, G. L. Lippi, "Faster modulation of single-mode semiconductor lasers through patterned current switching: Numerical investigation," Proc. Enst. Elect. Eng.—Optoelectronics 151, 61-68 (2004).
  5. A. Kern, A. Chandrakasan, I. Young, "18 Gb/s optical IO: VCSEL driver and TIA in 90 nm CMOS," Proc. Symp. VLSI Circuits Dig. (2007) pp. 276-277.
  6. S. Palermo, A. Emami-Neyestanak, M. Horowitz, "A 90 nm CMOS 16 Gb/s transceiver for optical interconnects," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 43, 1235-1246 (2008).
  7. I. A. Young, "Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45, 235-248 (2010).
  8. C. Kromer, "A 100-mW 4$\,\times\,$10 Gb/s transceiver in 80-nm CMOS for high-density optical interconnects," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 2667-2679 (2005).
  9. B. G. Lee, "Low-power CMOS-driven transmitters and receivers," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics (2010) pp. 1-2.
  10. M. Bruensteiner, "3.3-V CMOS pre-equalization VCSEL transmitter for gigabit multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1301-1303 (1999).
  11. Y. Tsunoda, "25-Gb/s transmitter for optical interconnection with 10-Gb/s VCSEL using dual peak-tunable pre-emphasis," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OThZ2.
  12. D. Kucharski, "A 20 Gb/s VCSEL driver with pre-emphasis and regulated output impedance in 0.13 $\mu$m CMOS," Proc. IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. (2005) pp. 222-594.
  13. S. P. Voinigescu, "Circuits and technologies for highly integrated optical networking ICs at 10 Gb/s to 40 Gb/s," Proc. IEEE Custom Integr. Circuits Conf. (2001) pp. 331-338.
  14. D. Watanabe, "CMOS optical 4-PAM VCSEL driver with modal-dispersion equalizer for 10 Gb/s 500 m MMF transmission," Proc. IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. (2009) pp. 106-107.
  15. N. Y. Li, "High-performance 850 nm VCSEL and photodetector arrays for 25 Gb/s parallel optical interconnects," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2010) Paper OTuP2.
  16. C. L. Schow, "A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single “Holey” CMOS IC," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 542-553 (2011).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited