OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 31, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2013
  • pp: 36–42

Dielectric-Band Photonic Crystal Nanobeam Lasers

Po-Tsung Lee, Tsan-Wen Lu, and Li-Hsun Chiu

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 36-42 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1349 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We investigate a mode gap confined dielectric band laser via a 1-D photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam (NB) nanocavity with lattice gradually shifted PhC mirror. Owing to different modal symmetries, different zeroth-order dielectric mode properties, including quality (Q) factors, mode volumes, lasing thresholds, and slope efficiencies, in nanocavities with two different cavity sizes are investigated. In experiments, single-mode lasing from dielectric bands with low effective lasing thresholds is obtained. Rising of the high-order modes is also observed when we increase the PhC mirror periods for high Q factor of the zeroth-order dielectric mode. In addition, we observe the bonding and antibonding modes in beamwidth mismatched coupled NB nanocavities and switch the dominant lasing mode via spatially nonuniform carrier injection.

© 2012 IEEE

Po-Tsung Lee, Tsan-Wen Lu, and Li-Hsun Chiu, "Dielectric-Band Photonic Crystal Nanobeam Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 36-42 (2013)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
  2. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
  3. H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, Y. H. Lee, "Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
  4. S. Kita, K. Nozaki, T. Baba, "Refractive index sensing utilizing a cw photonic crystal nanolaser and its array configuration," Opt. Exp. 16, 8174-8180 (2008).
  5. S. Matsuo, A. Shinya, T. Kakitsuka, K. Nozaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, "High-speed ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser with 13 fJ of energy consumed per bit transmitted," Nat. Photon. 4, 648-654 (2010).
  6. K. J. Vahala, "Optical microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).
  7. J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, "Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguide," Nature 390, 143-145 (1997).
  8. M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).
  9. P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106-1-121106-3 (2009).
  10. Y. Zhang, M. Lon?ar, "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires," Opt. Exp. 16, 17400-17409 (2008).
  11. Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, J. Vu?kovi?, "Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 8781-8789 (2010).
  12. Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104-1-051104-3 (2010).
  13. T. W. Lu, L. H. Chiu, P. T. Lin, P. T. Lee, "One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 071101-1-071101-3 (2011).
  14. Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102-1-203102-3 (2010).
  15. X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, X. Tang, Y. C. Loke, "Dynamic tuning of an optical resonator through MEMS-driven coupled photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 35, 2517-2519 (2010).
  16. L. D. Haret, T. Tanabe, E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, "Extremely low power optical bistability in silicon demonstrated using 1D photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21108-21117 (2009).
  17. M. Eichenfield, J. Chan, R. Camacho, K. J. Vahala, O. Painter, "Optomechanical crystals," Nature 462, 78-82 (2009).
  18. S. Mandal, X. Serey, D. Erickson, "Nanomanipulation using silicon photonic crystal resonators," Nano Lett. 10, 99-104 (2009).
  19. S. Mandal, D. Erickson, "Nanoscale optofluidic sensor arrays," Opt. Exp. 16, 1623-1631 (2008).
  20. B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, R. W. van der Heijden, "Photonic crystal slot nanobeam slow light waveguides for refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105-1-151105-3 (2010).
  21. A. R. M. Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "Ultra high quality factor one dimensional photonic crystal/photonic wire micro-cavities in silicon-on-insulator (SOI)," Opt. Exp. 16, 12084-12088 (2008).
  22. M. W. McCutcheon, M. Lon?ar, "Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal," Opt. Exp. 16, 19136-19145 (2008).
  23. J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, O. Painter, "Optical and mechanical design of a “zipper” photonic crystal optomechanical cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 3802-3817 (2009).
  24. Y. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, H. Hagino, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Higher-order resonant modes in a photonic heterostructure nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241910-1-241910-3 (2008).
  25. P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "Coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 031102-1-031102-3 (2009).
  26. R. Perahia, J. D. Cohen, S. Meenehan, T. P. M. Alegre, O. Painter, "Electrostatically tunable optomechanical “zipper” cavity laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191112-1-191112-3 (2010).
  27. X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, "Nanomechanically tunable photonic crystal resonators utilizing triple-beam coupled nanocavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1310-1312 (2011).
  28. T. W. Lu, P. T. Lee, "Couple modes in mismatched photonic crystal coupled nanobeams," to be submitted.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited